Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Client’s Procurement Policies for Promoting BIM Implementation and Innovation in Construction
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
(English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The construction industry is often described as a fragmented, loosely coupled industry, slow to innovate and lacking in productivity. In order to address these issues, client organizations are commonly acknowledged as key actors for change. However, what this role constitutes of is less clear, for example, questions arise such as: should innovation be mainly supplier-led or client-led? The aim in this paper is to explore different strategies clients can adapt in the promotion of innovation in the construction industry. To achieve the purpose, a case study has been conducted of the largest infrastructure client in Sweden; exploring two strategies which is simultaneously deployed to stimulate innovation. The studied organization is on one hand trying to influence the industry to implement Building Information Modelling (BIM), adopting a BIM policy and actively influencing the supply chain, while on the other hand stimulate innovation through providing more flexibility in projects, enabling suppliers to propose new solutions and emphasising market competition. Although the strategies essentially deal with different types of innovation, either a known or unknown innovation; the research finds that simultaneous use of these strategies creates intra-organizational tensions within the client organization. The findings provide insights in different strategies clients can use in order to stimulate innovation and contribute to understanding of client organization’s role in stimulating innovation in the construction industry.

Keywords [en]
Client, Innovation, Building Information Modelling, Policy, Implementation, Procurement
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-249975DiVA, id: diva2:1306680
Note

QC 20190425

Available from: 2019-04-24 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. BIM in Translation: Exploring Client Organisations as Drivers for Change in Construction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM in Translation: Exploring Client Organisations as Drivers for Change in Construction
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

New technology is constantly being developed, presenting new opportunities and enabling innovative solutions to both known and unknown problems. Most industries place a large amount of trust in the opportunities offered by digitalisation. Information technology is being developed to enable new work practices and thereby drive change. However, the use of technology often drifts away from the developer’s intentions when it is introduced into an organisational setting. The management of such technology implementations is thus complex, both in terms of the technology itself and the organisational context in which it is implemented.

In the architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, the technology ‘Building Information Modelling’ (BIM) is currently being introduced. This industry is often described as fragmented, having low productivity and being reluctant to innovate. BIM is presented as new paradigm for this industry, as it is able to drive change towards inter-organisational collaboration, increase overall quality, and simultaneously lower costs. The industry has, however, been tentative towards BIM and widespread implementation has not yet taken place. To influence the industry towards adopting this new technology, public client organisations have been argued to play a vital role as innovation champions, demanding BIM-use through procurement. Still, there is a lack of studies exploring such implementation initiatives from the client perspective.

In this thesis, the case of BIM implementation at the largest infrastructure client in Sweden is presented. This case shows how the client has undertaken an implementation process to both benefit its own organisation and increase productivity and innovation within the whole infrastructure branch of the AEC industry. With the purpose of problematising and contributing with reflective perspectives on the role of client organisations as drivers for industry change by implementation of information technology, the BIM implementation at this organisation is viewed as an empirical example of how information technology is introduced to influence an inter-organisational network of actors and establish change. 

The case is analysed from the perspective of an analytical framework, taking inspiration from actor-network theory and sociology of translation. Thus, the implementation is viewed as a process of translation, where key actors are identified and enrolled into using BIM. Viewing BIM implementation as a translation reveals a complex network of actors linked to the implementation in question. The implementation is developed as a sequential translation, where project managers are intended to act as delegates, demanding and promoting BIM in their projects.

This thesis problematises the role of client organisations in initiating change through the implementation of technology. Enrolling actors into using BIM has, in the studied case, primarily been done by the development of new demand documents. This strategy has, however, been problematic as the demands have not been accepted as intended. Instead, the results of this thesis argue for the importance of client organisations as negotiators, and that they are not only needed to establish demand for new technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. p. iii-viii, 83
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 1913
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-249977 (URN)978-91-7873-197-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-06-05, F3, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20190425

Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-24 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lindblad, Hannes
By organisation
Project Communication
Construction Management

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 129 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf