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Cultivating Arid Soils in Libya and Brazil during World War Two: The Two-fold War between Colonial and Neo-colonial Experiences
Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0785-8344
2019 (English)In: Global Environment, ISSN 1973-3739, E-ISSN 2053-7352, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 154-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper compares two schemes of agrarian transformation that occurred during World War Two in Libya and northeast Brazil, undertaken by the Italian fascist regime and US private and governmental officials respectively. Although developing different historical trajectories, these similar efforts aiming to convert desert and semi-arid areas into productive fields intertwined with military services and reflected colonial and post-colonial appropriations in the Global South. The article demonstrates how both Libya and Brazil represented militarised environments and contested spaces well beyond the WW2 timeframe and how the colonial expansion projects that preceded and resulted from WW2 combined military campaigns and mastery over nature. Our analysis builds upon Italian and US primary sources and scholarly publications in environmental history.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 12, no 1, p. 154-181
Keywords [en]
Agricultural transformation, Colonialism, Libya, Brazil, World War Two
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-248086DOI: 10.3197/ge.2019.120107ISI: 000460944700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-248086DiVA, id: diva2:1308052
Note

QC 20190430

Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved

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