Estimating the fate of de-icing salt in a roadside environment by combining modelling and field observations
2008 (English)In: Water, Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, E-ISSN 1573-2932, Vol. 195, no 1-4, 215-232 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Predicting the environmental effects of de-icing salt requires knowledge of the pathways taken by salt from on-road application through spread to the surroundings to deposition and fate in the roadside environment. This study described differences in chloride deposition and distribution in soil with increasing distance from the road by means of field observations and modelling. The dynamic modelling approach successfully represented the spread of de-icing salt from road to surroundings, deposition in the roadside environment and the subsequent infiltration into roadside soil. The general decrease in soil chloride content with distance from the road was described by differences in salt deposition, soil physical properties, vegetation properties and snow characteristics. The uncertainty in model predictions was highest in areas close to the road due to a complex combination of high salt deposition, snow-ploughed masses and road runoff. The exponential decline in salt deposition with distance from the road could not be justified close to the road. Different types of field investigations were applied in a calibration procedure to establish reasonable ranges for the most influential model parameters. Measured electrical resistivity reflected well the changes in simulated chloride content in soil during winter and spring when chloride concentrations were high. However, during summer or periods with low chloride concentrations the measured resistivity was substantially lower than simulated values, as it reflected the total contamination level in soil.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 195, no 1-4, 215-232 p.
airborne deposition; chloride content; coupmodel; electrical resistivity; monitoring; road salt; roadside; soils; TIME-DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY; SOIL-WATER; GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION; HEAT-BALANCE; RUNOFF; SIMULATIONS; UNCERTAINTY; DEPOSITION; HIGHWAY; QUALITY
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7924DOI: 10.1007/s11270-008-9741-9ISI: 000259485100019ScopusID: 2-s2.0-52549125958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7924DiVA: diva2:13098
QC 201005262008-01-282008-01-282010-09-14Bibliographically approved