Influence of molecular weight on strain-gradient yielding in polystyrene
2004 (English)In: Polymer Engineering and Science, ISSN 0032-3888, E-ISSN 1548-2634, Vol. 44, no 10, 1987-1997 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Experimental observations have indicated that the presence of strain gradients has an influence on the inelastic behavior of polymers as well as in other materials such as ceramics and metals. The present study has experimentally quantified length-scale effects in inelastic deformations of the polymer material polystyrene (PS) with respect to the molecular length. The experimental technique that has been used is nano-indentation to various depths with a Berkovich indenter. The hardness has been calculated with the method by Oliver and Pharr, and also by direct measurements of the area from atomic force microscopy. The experiments showed that the length-scale effects in inelastic deformations exist in polystyrene at ambient conditions. The direct method gave a smaller hardness than the Oliver-Pharr method. It was also shown that the length-scale parameter according to Nix and Gao increases with increasing molecular weight. For high molecular weights above a critical value of entanglement, there was no pertinent increase in the length-scale parameter. The length-scale parameter for strain-gradient plasticity has a size of around 0.1 μm for polystyrene.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 44, no 10, 1987-1997 p.
Data reduction, Deformation, Hardness, Microelectromechanical devices, Molecular weight, Parameter estimation, Shear strength, Thin films, Molecular length, Strain-gradient yielding, Temperature fields
Other Materials Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7943DOI: 10.1002/pen.20202ISI: 000224842300020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-9144252706OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7943DiVA: diva2:13129
QC 20100910 QC 201109222008-01-312008-01-312011-09-22Bibliographically approved