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The GAMMA-400 gamma-ray telescope characteristics. Angular resolution and electrons/protons separation
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2014 (English)In: Proceedings of Science, Sissa Medialab Srl , 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The measurements of gamma-ray fluxes and cosmic-ray electrons and positrons in the energy range from 100 MeV to several TeV, which will be realized by the specially designed GAMMA-400 gamma-ray telescope, concern with the following broad range of scientific topics. Search for signatures of dark matter, surveying the celestial sphere in order to study point and extended sources of gamma-rays, measuring the energy spectra of Galactic and extragalactic diffuse gamma-ray emission, study of gamma-ray bursts and gamma-ray emission from the Sun, as well as high precision measurements of spectra of high-energy electrons and positrons, protons and nuclei up to the knee. To clarify these scientific problems with the new experimental data the GAMMA-400 gamma-ray telescope possesses unique physical characteristics comparing with previous and present experiments. For gamma-ray energies more than 100 GeV GAMMA-400 provides the energy resolution ~1% and angular resolution better than 0.02 deg. The methods, developed to reconstruct the direction of incident gamma photon, are presented in this paper, as well as, the capability of the GAMMA-400 gamma-ray telescope to distinguish electrons and positrons from protons in cosmic rays is investigated. The first point concerns with the space topology of high-energy gamma photon interaction in the matter of GAMMA-400. Multiple secondary particles, generated inside gamma-ray telescope, produce significant problems to restore the direction of initial gamma photon. Also back-splash particles, i.e., charged particles and gamma photons generated in calorimeter and moved upward, mask the initial tracks of electron/positron pair from conversion of incident gamma photon. The processed methods allow us to reconstruct the direction of electromagnetic shower axis and extract the electron/positron trace. As a result, the direction of incident gamma photon with the energy of 100 GeV is calculated with an accuracy of better than 0.02 deg. The main components of cosmic rays are protons and helium nuclei, whereas the part of lepton component in the total flux is ~10 -3 for high energies. The separate contribution in proton rejection is studied for each detector system of the GAMMA-400 gamma-ray telescope. Using combined information from all detector systems allow us to provide the rejection from protons with a factor of ~4 10 5 for vertical incident particles and ~3 10 5 for particle with initial inclination of 30 deg. Science with the New Generation of High Energy Gamma-ray experiments, 10th Workshop (Scineghe2014) 04-06 June 2014 Lisbon - Portugal. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sissa Medialab Srl , 2014.
Keywords [en]
Cosmic ray measurement, Cosmic rays, Cosmology, Electrons, Germanium compounds, Photons, Positrons, Telescopes, Combined informations, Cosmic ray electrons, Electro-magnetic showers, Gamma ray telescope, High-energy electron, High-precision measurement, Physical characteristics, Secondary particles, Gamma rays
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246963Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057968093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-246963DiVA, id: diva2:1314746
Conference
10th Workshop on Science with the New Generation of High Energy Gamma-Ray Experiments, Scineghe 2014, 4 June 2014 through 6 June 2014
Note

QC 20190509

Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, JosefinPearce, MarkRyde, Felix

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