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Electrostatics and polarization determine the strength of the halogen bond: a red card for charge transfer
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2673-075X
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. KTH Royal Inst Technol, CBH, Dept Chem, Appl Phys Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
2019 (English)In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MODELING, Vol. 25, no 5, article id 125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A series of 20 halogen bonded complexes of the types R-Br center dot center dot center dot Br- (R is a substituted methyl group) and R '-CC-Br center dot center dot center dot Br- are investigated at the M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. Computations using a point-charge (PC) model, in which Br- is represented by a point charge in the electronic Hamiltonian, show that the halogen bond energy within this set of complexes is completely described by the interaction energy (E-PC) of the point charge. This is demonstrated by an excellent linear correlation between the quantum chemical interaction energy and E-PC with a slope of 0.88, a zero intercept, and a correlation coefficient of R-2=0.9995. Rigorous separation of E-PC into electrostatics and polarization shows the high importance of polarization for the strength of the halogen bond. Within the data set, the electrostatic interaction energy varies between 4 and-18kcal mol(-1), whereas the polarization energy varies between -4 and-10kcal mol(-1). The electrostatic interaction energy is correlated to the sum of the electron-withdrawing capacities of the substituents. The polarization energy generally decreases with increasing polarizability of the substituents, and polarization is mediated by the covalent bonds. The lower (more favorable) E-PC of CBr4---Br- compared to CF3Br center dot center dot center dot Br- is found to be determined by polarization as the electrostatic contribution is more favorable for CF3Br center dot center dot center dot Br-. The results of this study demonstrate that the halogen bond can be described accurately by electrostatics and polarization without any need to consider charge transfer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2019. Vol. 25, no 5, article id 125
Keywords [en]
Halogen bonding, Electrostatic potential, Induction, Charge transfer, Energy decomposition, Sigma-hole
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-251273DOI: 10.1007/s00894-019-4014-7ISI: 000465614200004PubMedID: 31020416Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064683551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-251273DiVA, id: diva2:1315599
Note

QC 20190514

Available from: 2019-05-14 Created: 2019-05-14 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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