Determination of aromatic hydrocarbons in asphalt release agents using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
2005 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1069, no 2, 235-244 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The possibility of quantitative analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in oil-based asphalt release agents was investigated using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The target analytes studied were benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-, m-, and o-xylene (BTEX) and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene. Experimental parameters influencing HS-SPME efficiency were studied (equilibration time between sample and headspace and between headspace and SPME fiber, sample amount and sample matrice effects). A HS-SPME method using hexadecane as a surrogate matrice was developed. The detection limit was estimated as 0.03-0.08 ppm (w/w) for the target analytes investigated. Good linearity was observed (R-2 > 0.999) for all calibration curves at high, medium and low concentration level. The repeatability of the method (RSD, relative standard deviation) was found to be less than 10 % (generally less than 5 %) in triplicate samples and approximately 2 % at eight consecutive tests on one and the same sample. The accuracy of the method given by recovery of spiked samples was between 85 and 106 % (generally between 95 and 105 %). The HS-SPME method developed was applied to four commercially available asphalt release agents. External calibration and standard addition approaches were investigated regarding accuracy. The results showed that standard addition generates higher accuracy than external calibration. The contents of target aromatic hydrocarbons in the asphalt release agents studied varied greatly from approximately 0.1-700 ppm. The method described looks promising. and could be a valuable too] for determination of aromatic hydrocarbons in different types of organic matrices.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 1069, no 2, 235-244 p.
headspace, solid-phase microextraction, asphalt release agents, aromatic hydrocarbons, BTEX
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7986DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.02.011ISI: 000227995500011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-15244353942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7986DiVA: diva2:13184
QC 201009132008-02-132008-02-132010-09-13Bibliographically approved