Determination of aromatic hydrocarbons in bituminous emulsion sealants using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
2006 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1137, no 1, 15-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The possibility of quantitative determination of aromatic hydrocarbons in bituminous emulsion sealants was investigated using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The target analytes studied were benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-, m-, and o-xylene (BTEX) as well as 1,3,5- and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene. Experimental factors influencing HS-SPME efficiency were studied (sample-headspace equilibration time, extraction time and sample matrix effects). A HS-SPME method using surrogate matrix was developed. The detection limit was estimated as approximately 0.1 ppmw for the target analytes investigated. Good linearity was observed (R-2 > 0.997) for all calibration curves obtained. The repeatability of the method (RSD, relative standard deviation) was found less than 10%. The accuracy of the method given by recovery of spiked samples was between 99 and 116%. The HS-SPME method developed was applied to two commercially available bituminous emulsion sealants. External calibration and standard addition approaches were investigated, and statistical paired t-test was performed. The contents of target aromatic hydrocarbons in the sealants studied varied from approximately 0.4 to 150 ppmw. The method developed shows potential as a tool for the determination of aromatic hydrocarbons in emulsified bituminous materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 1137, no 1, 15-21 p.
bituminous emulsion sealants, aromatic hydrocarbons, BTEX, headspace, solid-phase microextraction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7987DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2006.10.016ISI: 000242872700003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33751308862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7987DiVA: diva2:13185
QC 201009132008-02-132008-02-132010-09-13Bibliographically approved