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Biomass pyrolysis for energy and fuel production
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9831-6633
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1837-5439
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
2013 (English)In: Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy: Combustion, Gasification, Pyrolysis, Torrefaction and Fermentation, CRC Press , 2013, p. 245-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Pyrolysis is the thermochemical decomposition of organic matter in the absence of oxygen and produces a wide range of useful products. The word is coined from the Greek-derived elements pyr "ρ-fire” and lysis "λUsσς-breakdown/separation” emphasizing the disintegration of matter due to heat. It is a standalone process or one of several reaction steps in gasification and combustion processes1 and is considered as the basic thermochemical process to produce valuable fuels and energy from biomass. Pyrolysis is also known as thermolysis, thermal cracking, dry distillation, destructive distillation, etc.; however, there are differences in those terms. During pyrolysis, complex macromolecules of biomass break down into relatively smaller molecules producing 3 major products which can be classified as follows: •a solid residue (which mainly consists of carbon and ash) known as char•gases (mainly CO, CO2, CH4, H2 and other light hydrocarbons)•Vapors/liquids known as bio-oil or bio-crude (mainly oxygenates, aromatics, water, products of low degree of polymerization, tars, etc.)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press , 2013. p. 245-278
National Category
Bioenergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-246586DOI: 10.1201/b14561Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85054357636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-246586DiVA, id: diva2:1324754
Note

QC 20190614

Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-06-14Bibliographically approved

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Kantarelis, EfthymiosYang, Weihong

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