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In situ evidence of magnetic reconnection in turbulent plasma
Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för astronomi och rymdfysik.
Uppsala universitet, Institutet för rymdfysik, Uppsalaavdelningen.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1654-841x
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2007 (English)In: Nature Physics, ISSN 1745-2473, E-ISSN 1745-2481, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 235-238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Magnetic reconnection is a universal process leading to energy conversion in plasmas. It occurs in the Solar System, in laboratory plasmas and is important in astrophysics . Reconnection has been observed so far only at large-scale boundaries between different plasma environments . It is not known whether reconnection occurs and is important in turbulent plasmas where many small-scale boundaries can form. Solar and laboratory measurements as well as numerical simulations indicate such possibility. Here we report, for the first time, in situ evidence of reconnection in a turbulent plasma. The turbulent environment is the solar wind downstream of the Earths bow shock. We show that reconnection is fast and electromagnetic energy is converted into heating and acceleration of particles. This has significant implications for laboratory and astrophysical plasmas where both turbulence and reconnection should be common.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 3, no 4, p. 235-238
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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-253628DOI: 10.1038/nphys574ISI: 000245972300016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34047153225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-253628DiVA, id: diva2:1325455
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QC 20190619

Available from: 2019-06-15 Created: 2019-06-15 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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