Control of Dynamically Assisted Phase-shifting Transformers
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis, controllers for power oscillation damping, transient stability improvement and power flow control by means of a Controlled Series Compensator (CSC) and and a Dynamic Power Flow Controller (DPFC) are proposed. These devices belong to the group of power system components referred to as Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices. The developed controllers use only quantities measured locally at the FACTS device as inputs, thereby avoiding the risk of interrupted communications associated with the use of remote signals for control.
For power systems with one dominating, poorly damped inter-area power oscillation mode, it is shown that a simple generic system model can be used as a basis for damping- and power flow control design. The model for control of CSC includes two synchronous machine models representing the two grid areas participating in the oscillation and three reactance variables, representing the interconnecting transmission lines and the FACTS device. The model for control of DPFC is of the same type but it also includes the phase shift of the internal phase-shifting transformer of the DPFC.
The key parameters of the generic grid models are adaptively set during the controller operation by estimation from the step responses in the FACTS line power to the changes in the line series reactance inserted by the FACTS device. The power oscillation damping controller is based on a time-discrete, non-linear approach which aims to damp the power oscillations and set the desired power flow on the FACTS line by means of two step changes in the line reactance separated in time by half an oscillation cycle.
A verification of the proposed controllers was done by means of digital simulations using power system models of different complexities. The CSC and DPFC controllers were shown to significantly improve the small-signal- and transient stability in one four-machine system of a type commonly used to study inter-area oscillations. The CSC controller was also tested for 18 different contingencies in a 23-machine system, resulting in an improvement in both the system transient stability and the damping of the critical oscillation mode.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2008. , x, 172 p.
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2008:008
Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor, Thyristor Switched Series Capacitor, Controlled Series Compensator, Dynamic Power Flow Controller, Phase-Shifting Transformer, Power Oscillation Damping, Transient Stability, Power Flow Control, Adaptive Control
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4653ISBN: 978-91-7178-879-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4653DiVA: diva2:13258
2008-03-28, E2, Lindstedtsvägen 3, KTH, 13:00
Samuelsson, Olof, Associate professor
QC 201011122008-02-272008-02-272010-11-12Bibliographically approved
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