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Prediction of sound transmission loss of vehicle seals
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory MWL.
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9791OAI: diva2:132627
QS 20120327Available from: 2008-12-22 Created: 2008-12-22 Last updated: 2012-03-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Transmission loss of vehicle seals
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transmission loss of vehicle seals
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sound transmission loss of vehicle seals was studied in this thesis. Reverberation room test and semi-anechoic chamber test were respectively studied. By comparing the sound pressure level, sound intensity level and average sound power level at the receiving side, it proved that a simple sound pressure level test may obtain same measurement accuracy when there is little reflected sound. A semi-anechoic chamber was designed for testing sound transmission losses of the seals on a trial vehicle. By comparing the sound pressure levels between the location of the passenger ear and door area, it proved that most of outside sound energy passed through the door seals into the interior. The sound transmission losses of different sealing conditions were measured which included well sealed and imperfectly sealed conditions; Sound pressure levels at passenger’s ear in three different types of vehicles were also compared, these comparison results indicated this laboratory was capable of distinguishing different sealing conditions. The installation procedure was compared with the one in reverberation room test. Numerical analysis showed that the latter method produced a different compression shape which would definitely influence the sound insulation abilities of the seals.

  The transmission mechanism of the acoustic waves through a vehicle seal was also discussed. Contact analysis showed high compression ratio leaded to tremendous inner stress intensity. But any further increase of the contact depth would not improve the effect of wind noise prevention. A vehicle seal with a complex shape was replaced by a simple model. The sound transmission theory of multiple partitions on the basis of mass law was applied. Whereas, compared with the experimental result, a different trend in the high frequency range was found. When taking the transmission though the side material and integration of incident angle into account, the result was quite similar to the experimental one. FEM analysis was also performed. The majority of sound power was believed to transmit along the seal wall into the interior instead of passing through the multiple partitions. A distorted circular duct model is believed to be close to the real geometry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. 11 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2008:65
vehicle seals, reverberation room test, contact analysis, simple model, mass law, FEM analysis, distorted circular duct model
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9792 (URN)978-91-7415-013-1 (ISBN)
2008-12-17, MWL, rum 74, Teknikringen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
QC 20101117Available from: 2009-01-14 Created: 2008-12-22 Last updated: 2010-11-17Bibliographically approved

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Li, Qi
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