Insights into the Reaction Mechanism of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase from Theoretical Active Site Mutants
2006 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 110, no 42, 21299-21310 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Density functional theory calculations of active site mutants are used to gain insights into the reaction mechanism of the soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEHs). The quantum chemical model is based on the X-ray crystal structure of the human soluble epoxide hydrolase. The role of two conserved active site tyrosines is explored through in silico single and double mutations to phenylalanine. Full potential energy curves for hydrolysis of (1S,2S)-beta-methylstyrene oxide are presented. The results indicate that the two active site tyrosines act in concert to lower the activation barrier for the alkylation step. For the wild-type and three different tyrosine mutant models, the regioselectivity of epoxide opening is compared for the substrates (1S,2S)-beta-methylstyrene oxide and (S)-styrene oxide. An additional part of our study focuses on the importance of the catalytic histidine for the alkylation half-reaction. Different models are presented to explore the protonation state of the catalytic histidine in the alkylation step and to evaluate the possibility of an interaction between the nucleophilic aspartate and the catalytic histidine.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 110, no 42, 21299-21310 p.
Enzyme kinetics; Hydrolysis; Mutagenesis; Potential energy; Probability density function; Quantum theory; Activation barriers; Active site tyrosines; Potential energy curves; Silico singles
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8105DOI: 10.1021/jp063830tISI: 000241381600086ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33751280486OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8105DiVA: diva2:13336
QC 201008112008-03-182008-03-182010-08-11Bibliographically approved