The player and the bowed string: Coordination and control of bowing in violin and viola performance
2009 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 126, no 5, 2709-2720 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An experiment was conducted with four violin and viola players, measuring their bowing in performance using a combination of motion capture and sensors. The measurements allowed for a detailed analysis of the main bowing parameters bow velocity, bow force and bow-bridge distance, as well as the bow angles skewness and tilt. An analysis of bowing strategies in détaché playing of notes of three durations (0.2, 2, 4 seconds) at three dynamic levels (pp, mf, f) on all four strings is presented, focusing on the "steady" part of the notes. The results revealed clear trends in the coordinated variations of the bowing parameters depending of the constraints of the task, reflecting a common behavior as well as individual strategies. Furthermore, there were clear indications of that the players adapted the bowing parameters to the physical properties of the string and the instrument, respecting the limits of the playable control parameter space. A detailed analysis of the bow angles skewness and tilt showed that skewness played an important role in controlling bow-bridge distance, particularly in crescendo and diminuendo notes, and that tilt was used to control the gradation of bow force.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 126, no 5, 2709-2720 p.
bowed string, violin playing, motion capture, bowing parameters
Musicology Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9825DOI: 10.1121/1.3203209ISI: 000271507000065PubMedID: ID: 19894847ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70449449194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9825DiVA: diva2:133370
QC 201008092009-01-092009-01-092010-12-07Bibliographically approved