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Reducing the defrosting needs of air-handling units by using heat from wastewater in apartment buildings in cold climates
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Fluid and Climate Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5902-2886
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Fluid and Climate Technology.
2019 (English)In: Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, E-ISSN 1873-5606, Vol. 157, article id 113647Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper is the second part of a two-part series that investigates the energy-saving potentials of a novel wastewater heat recovery system connected to mechanical ventilation with heat recovery (MVHR). The main idea is to use the heat from stored wastewater to preheat the incoming cold outdoor airflow to the MVHR and thereby reduce the defrosting needs of the MVHR. The study evaluated the potential of two air preheaters, AP 0.4 m x 0.4 m x 0.4 m and AP 0.8 m x 0.8 m x 0.4 m , placed in front of the existing MVHR. Dynamic simulations in this study have shown that the smaller air preheater could lower the frost threshold temperature by 5 °C and the larger one could reduce it by 11 °C. Without an air preheater, the defrosting was needed during nearly two-thirds of January in the studied climate. By contrast, with the evaluated air preheaters in front of the MVHR, the defrosting was needed during 45% and 20% of the evaluation period, respectively. The results also showed that frost growth inside the heat exchanger could be reduced by 38% with AP 0.4 m x 0.4 m x 0.4 m and by 62% with AP 0.8 m x 0.8 m x 0.4 m during the peak load. The main conclusion is that the suggested heat recovery system has good potential for improving the overall performance of MVHR systems in cold climates. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 157, article id 113647
Keywords [en]
Balanced ventilation, Defrosting, Frost Formation, Heat recovery, Multi-family buildings, Residential wastewater
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252498DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.04.057ISI: 000475994000031Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065122532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-252498DiVA, id: diva2:1336961
Note

QC 20190711

Available from: 2019-07-11 Created: 2019-07-11 Last updated: 2019-08-05Bibliographically approved

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