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Hydrogeochemical and isotopic signatures for the identification of seawater intrusion in the paleobeach aquifer of Cox's Bazar city and its surrounding area, south-east Bangladesh
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4350-9950
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2019 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 9, article id 100215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to better understand the encroachment of seawater into the groundwater system a total 115 groundwater samples were collected in an area of ∼7 km 2 in Cox's Bazar paleobeach and its vicinity, from different types of tubewells, which included hand pump fitted bore wells (<50 m depth), moderately deep energized bore wells (50 m–100 m depth) and deep bore wells (>100 m depth) during June 2013. A combined hydro-geochemical indicators, selected trace elements (Sr and B) and in addition to δ 18 O and δ 2 H were used in this study. Results show that the high values of EC (202 μS/cm to 6730 μS/cm) and TDS (135 mg/L to 4509 mg/L) are found in groundwater of wells closer to the coast and few wells from the northern and central part of the study area. The cross plot of HCO 3 /Cl and TDS shows that groundwater along the paleobeach and some isolated areas are saline with TDS > 1000 mg/L, associated with high ratios of Cl/TDS (0.065). The groundwater facies generally evolves from freshwater (Ca-Mg-HCO 3 ) to saline water (Na- Cl) type with an intermediate Ca-Mg-Cl type indicating that the aquifer system interacts with seawater and undergoes cation exchange. Results also reveal that the area affected by marine water intrusion has ionic ratios of Br/Cl (0.0006–0.0021) similar to seawater (0.0015) with some higher values. Groundwaters along the paleobeach and some isolated areas, low ionic ratios of SO 4 /Cl (0.01–6.53) and Na/Cl (0.20–152.09), relative to marine ratios (0.05 and 0.86 respectively), are also observed. Groundwaters with Seawater Mixing Index >1.0 and TDS >1000 mg/L constitute about 20% of the studied groundwaters and have relatively high δ 18 O (>- 4.0‰) values and the linear relationships between TDS and most of the ions, including B and Sr, and the chemical signature of the saline plumes (e.g., marine SO 4 /Cl, Na/Cl and Br/Cl ratios) suggest that mixing processes control the chemical composition of the seawater within the aquifers. However, these geochemical variations also reveal that the quality of potable water has deteriorated to a large extent due to seawater intrusion along the paleobeach, migrating inland toward the heavily groundwater exploited areas from the coast line and may entail various future health hazards.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2019. Vol. 9, article id 100215
Keywords [en]
Coastal groundwater, Cox's Bazar, Paleobeach, Seawater intrusion
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252500DOI: 10.1016/j.gsd.2019.100215Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85063931377OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-252500DiVA, id: diva2:1337014
Note

QC 20190711

Available from: 2019-07-11 Created: 2019-07-11 Last updated: 2019-07-11Bibliographically approved

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