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Low-Cost Integrated Zinc Oxide Nanorods Based Humidity Sensors for Arduino Platform
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 2442-2449Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Realization of a simple integrated and low-cost intensity modulation/direct detection-based humidity and vapor detection system utilizing zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods as the active material is demonstrated. The sensing device comprises of ZnO nanorods optimally grown on a glass substrate and mounted on 3D printed platform for the alignment with a green light-emitting diode setup for an edge excitation. An Arduino platform was used for the signal processing of the detection of the transmitted light. Both forward and backward scattering are affected due to light leakage while propagating through the glass substrate which are further attenuated in the presence of humidity. In this paper, backward scattering was found to be dominant, and thus, with increasing humidity, a reduction in the transmitted light was monitored. When the sensor was tested in a humidity controlled environment, it was found that the output voltage drops by approximately 750 mV upon changing the relative humidity (RH) level from 35% to 90% in a non-linear fashion. The average sensitivity of the sensor was observed to be-12 mV/% throughout the tested RH levels. Sensitivity was found to be higher at-24.6 mV/% for RH's beyond 70%. An average response time of 3.8 s was obtained for RH levels of 85% with respect to the standard ambient humidity conditions (RH 50%), which showed a quicker recovery time of 2.2 s. The proposed sensor device provides numerous advantages, including low-cost production, simplicity in design, ease of use, and stability during handling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2019. Vol. 9, no 7, p. 2442-2449
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-244623DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2018.2886584ISI: 000460683600004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85058619352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-244623DiVA, id: diva2:1338666
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QC 20190819

Available from: 2019-07-23 Created: 2019-07-23 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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Dutta, Joydeep

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  • apa
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