Surface Properties of Bottle-Brush Polyelectrolytes on Mica: Effects of Side Chain and Charge Densities
2007 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 23, no 24, 12222-12232 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Surface properties of a series of cationic bottle-brush polyelectrolytes with 45-unit-long poly(ethylene oxide) side chains were investigated by phase modulated ellipsometry and surface force measurements. The evaluation of the adsorbed mass of polymer on mica by means of ellipsometry is complex due to the transparency of mica and its birefringence and low dielectric constant. We therefore employed a new method to overcome these difficulties. The charge and the poly(ethylene oxide) side chain density of the bottle-brush polymers were varied from zero charge density and one side chain per segment to one charge per segment and no side chains, thus spanning the realm from a neutral bottle-brush polymer, via a partly charged brush polyelectrolyte, to a linear fully charged polyelectrolyte. The adsorption properties depend crucially on the polymer architecture. A minimum charge density of the polymer is required to facilitate adsorption to the oppositely charged surface. The maximum adsorbed amount and the maximum side chain density at the surface are obtained for the polymer with 50% charged segments and the remaining 50% of the segments carrying poly(ethylene oxide) side chains. It is found that brushlike layers are formed when 25-50% of the segments carry poly(ethylene oxide) side chains. In this paper, we argue that the repulsion between the side chains results in an adsorbed layer that is non-homogeneous on the molecular level. As a result, not all side chains will contribute equally to the steric repulsion but some will be stretched along the surface rather than perpendicular to it. By comparison with linear polyelectrolytes, it will be shown that the presence of the side chains counteracts adsorption. This is due to the entropic penalty of confining the side chains to the surface region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 23, no 24, 12222-12232 p.
Birefringence; Charge density; Ellipsometry; Mica; Permittivity; Polyethylene oxides; Polymers; Bottle-brush polyelectrolytes; Linear polyelectrolytes; Steric repulsion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8142DOI: 10.1021/la701716tISI: 000250976700048ScopusID: 2-s2.0-36649038755OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8142DiVA: diva2:13387
QC 201008132008-03-272008-03-272010-08-30Bibliographically approved