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Novel configuration of supercritical water gasification and chemical looping for highly-efficient hydrogen production from microalgae
Tokyo Inst Technol, Dept Transdisciplinary Sci & Engn, Meguro Ku, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Tokyo 1528550, Japan..
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4047-5444
Inst Teknol Bandung, Fac Mech & Aerosp Engn, Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia..
Inst Teknol Bandung, Dept Chem Engn, Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia..
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2019 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 112, p. 369-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study proposes a novel system to efficiently produce hydrogen from microalgae, based on supercritical water gasification and syngas chemical looping, and its conversion to methylcyclohexane. The process consists of a gasifier, a syngas chemical looping reactor, and a methylcyclohexane synthesis reactor as the main units. Microalgae are converted to syngas in the supercritical water gasification reactor. Thereafter, the produced syngas is introduced into the syngas chemical looping module to produce pure hydrogen and a separated carbon dioxide stream. The hydrogen is then reacted with toluene through the hydrogenation reaction to produce methylcyclohexane as a hydrogen carrier. The heat released from the methylcyclohexane synthesis module and chemical looping combustor is utilized to sustain the thermal balance of the supercritical water gasification unit. The system performance is observed under different feed moisture contents, operating temperatures in the supercritical water gasification unit, and operating pressures in the syngas chemical looping unit. A steady-state process simulation of Aspen Plus software is used for this purpose. The proposed integrated system exhibits of approximately 13.7%, 45.3%, and 59.1% for power generation efficiency, hydrogen production efficiency, and total energy efficiency, which demonstrates an efficient process of hydrogen production. The preliminary economic assessment shows that more than half of the operating cost accounts for microalgae production. This indicates the microalgae feedstock is one of the critical cost drivers in the microalgae-to-hydrogen production system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 112, p. 369-381
Keywords [en]
Hydrogen production, Hydrogen carrier, System integration, Energy efficiency, Aspen plus
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255356DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.05.054ISI: 000474208400024Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85066608765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-255356DiVA, id: diva2:1339822
Note

QC 20190731

Available from: 2019-07-31 Created: 2019-07-31 Last updated: 2019-07-31Bibliographically approved

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Zaini, Ilman Nuran

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