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The sensitivity to inter-subject variability of the bridging vein entry angles for prediction of acute subdural hematoma
Katholieke Univ Leuven, Biomech Sect, Leuven, Belgium. usigazi, Gracia Umuhire; Depreitere, Bart.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Biomechanics, ISSN 0021-9290, E-ISSN 1873-2380, Vol. 92, p. 6-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is one of the most frequent traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) with high mortality rate. Bridging vein (BV) ruptures is a major cause of ASDH. The KTH finite element head model includes bridging veins to predict acute subdural hematoma due to BV rupture. In this model, BVs were positioned according to Oka et al. (1985). The aim of the current study is to investigate whether the location and entry angles of these BVs could be modelled using data from a greater statistical sample, and what the impact of this improvement would be on the model's predictive capability of BV rupture. From the CT angiogram data of 78 patients, the relative position of the bridging veins and their entry angles along the superior sagittal sinus was determined. The bridging veins were repositioned in the model accordingly. The performance of the model, w.r.t. BV rupture prediction potential was tested on simulations of full body cadaver head impact experiments. The experiments were simulated on the original version of the model and on three other versions which had updated BV positions according to mean, maximum and minimum entry angles. Even though the successful prediction rate between the models stayed the same, the location of the rupture site significantly improved for the model with the mean entry angles. Moreover, the models with maximum and minimum entry angles give an insight of how BV biovariability can influence ASDH. In order to further improve the successful prediction rate, more biofidelic data are needed both with respect to bridging vein material properties and geometry. Furthermore, more experimental data are needed in order to investigate the behaviour of FE head models in depth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 92, p. 6-10
Keywords [en]
Head impact, Acute subdural hematoma, Bridging vein rupture, CT angiogram, Bridging vein position, Finite element head model
National Category
Biophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255748DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.05.016ISI: 000476965500002PubMedID: 31201011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85066931524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-255748DiVA, id: diva2:1342200
Note

QC 20190813

Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Kleiven, Svein

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