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From Collective to Common Rooms: The Swedish and Viennese Models
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. (Stadsbyggnad, Urban Design)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1744-6776
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture. (Arkitekturhistoria, Architecture History and Theory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1437-0876
2019 (English)In: Caring for Communities | Für Gemeinschaften sorgen / [ed] Meike Schalk, Sara Brolund de Carvalho, Beatrice Stude, Stockholm: Action Archive Publishing , 2019, p. 11-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This publication is dedicated to the study of common rooms (Gemeinschaftsräume) in recent examples of subsidized housing in the Nordbahnviertel (the Northern Railway District) in Vienna, against the backdrop of the historical Swedish welfare state model. We illustrate how collectivity and community are influenced by the legal framework and the division of labour. In doing so, we emphasize that collectivity and community do not mean the same thing: while sharing spaces, tools, and services can be described as collective uses, creating community requires greater effort, the provision of appropriate space, and the investment of free time.

The legendary Swedish welfare state model was based, at the micro level, on an infrastructure of “common rooms”. Inspired by the socio–spatial concept of commons that the American political scientist Elinor Ostrom investigated starting in the 1970s, we argue that common rooms supported the early Swedish welfare state model up to the 1990s. Furthermore, we argue that the separation of the spatial dimension from the administrative apparatus of the Swedish welfare state — through the privatization of housing and the commercialization of common areas — has contributed not only to the individualization of the residents, but also to the loss of one of its strongest social political instruments. In contrast, there is still a vibrant culture of common rooms in Vienna, activated since 2009 through non-profit property developer competitions to uphold the fourth pillar, i.e., social sustainability, which must be taken into account when reallocating land.2 Nevertheless, the relationship between the welfare bureaucracy — i.e., laws, house rules, and prohibitions — and the everyday use of common rooms is a field of conflict in which the various needs of residents and boundaries of non-profit housing administrators are expressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Action Archive Publishing , 2019. p. 11-31
Keywords [en]
common rooms, the Swedish model, the Viennese model, the 4th column of social sustainability, paranoid structures and reparative acts of care
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257852ISBN: 978-91-519-2716-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-257852DiVA, id: diva2:1348801
Note

QC 20190906

Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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Output format
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