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Cross-Scale Water and Land Impacts of Local Climate and Energy Policy—A Local Swedish Analysis of Selected SDG Interactions
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9766-9426
(Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9408-4425
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6419-4957
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.
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2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 7, article id 1847Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses how local energy and climate actions can affect the use of water and land resources locally, nationally and globally. Each of these resource systems is linked to different Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); we also explore related SDG interactions. A municipality in Sweden with the ambition of phasing out fossil fuels by year 2030 is used as illustrative case example. The local energy system is modelled in detail and indirect water and land requirements are quantified for three stylised decarbonisation scenarios of pathways to meeting climate and energy requirements (related to SDG13 and SDG7, respectively). Total local, national and global implications are addressed for the use of water and land resources, which relate to SDG6 for water, and SDG2 and SDG15 for land use. We find that the magnitude and location of water and land impacts are largely pathway-dependent. Some scenarios of low carbon energy may impede progress on SDG15, while others may compromise SDG6. Data for the studied resource uses are incoherently reported and have important gaps. As a consequence, the study results are indicative and subject to uncertainty. Still, they highlight the need to recognise that resource use changes targeting one SDG in one locality have local and non-local impacts that may compromise progress other SDGs locally and/or elsewhere in the world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 11, no 7, article id 1847
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Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257970DOI: 10.3390/su11071847OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-257970DiVA, id: diva2:1349624
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 2016-02045Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 2015-1304Available from: 2019-09-09 Created: 2019-09-09 Last updated: 2019-09-09

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Engström, Rebecka EricsdotterHowells, Mark I.Ramaswamy, VivekRogner, Hans-HolgerBazilian, M.

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