Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of a pre- fragmented high explosive grenade
2006 (English)In: Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology (1986), ISSN 0268-2575, E-ISSN 1097-4660, Vol. 81, no 3, 461-475 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Organisations today face increasing environmental constraints, e.g. in the form of legal and customer requirements; the defence sector is no exception. There is a need to evaluate and limit environmental effects of defence activities and materiel. In this study we used quantitative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and a method for simplified LCA (the Material, Energy, Chemicals and Others (MECO) method) to assess the environmental impacts of a grenade. The aims of the study are to identify aspects in the grenade's life-cycle that have the largest environmental impact, suggest improvement possibilities, make a comparison between different approaches for waste management of munitions, and to perform a demonstrative case for the application of LCA to munitions. Significant environmental aspects of the grenade's life-cycle include use of metals, use of fossil fuels, and detonation outdoors. The study shows that an LCA can be used to analyse environmental impacts from munitions. The simplified LCA gave information that is complementary to the quantitative LCA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 81, no 3, 461-475 p.
Defence materiel, Life cycle assessment (LCA), MECO, Munition, Simplified life cycle assessment
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8252DOI: 10.1002/jctb.1446ISI: 000235898100031ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33644780121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8252DiVA: diva2:13525
QC 20100616 QC 20111003. Conference: 6th International Conference on Ecobalance. Tsukuba, JAPAN. OCT 25-27, 20042008-04-232008-04-232013-12-09Bibliographically approved