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Who owns Brazilian lands?
Univ Sao Paulo, GeoLab, Esalq, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil..
Univ Estadual Campinas, IE, NEA, Rua Pitagoras 353, BR-13083857 Campinas, SP, Brazil..
Imaflora Inst Manejo & Certificacao Florestal & A, Estr Chico Mendes 185, BR-13426420 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil..
Imaflora Inst Manejo & Certificacao Florestal & A, Estr Chico Mendes 185, BR-13426420 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil..
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2019 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 87, article id UNSP 104062Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Land tenure in many parts of Brazil remains uncertain and controversial. These problems have recently been exacerbated by changes in the legal framework regulating protected areas and the land market. A particular challenge facing attempts to improve land tenure security and governance in Brazil is the lack of a single, integrated assessment of all types of lands. Here we address this problem and present a first, integrated map of Brazilian land tenure encompassing all official data sources pertaining to both public and private lands. Of the total (8.5 million km(2)) 36.1% of all lands are public (with 6.4% officially undesignated), 44.2% are private, and 16.6% are unregistered or with unknown tenure. Strikingly, overlaps among land tenure categories sum to 50% of the registered territory of Brazil. A clearer understanding of uncertainties in land tenure, and the spatial distribution of those uncertainties can help guide research and public policies focused on minimizing land conflicts and strengthening governance and territorial planning to improve economic, environmental and social outcomes from land use in Brazil.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2019. Vol. 87, article id UNSP 104062
Keywords [en]
Brazil, Governance, Land tenure, Policy, Territorial planning
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260184DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104062ISI: 000483419100045Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067658631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-260184DiVA, id: diva2:1355920
Note

QC 20190930

Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved

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Mazzaro de Freitas, Flavio Luiz

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