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Interactions of mild hypothermia and hypoxia on finger vasoreactivity to local cold stress
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Swedish Aerospace Physiology Centre, SAPC. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Environmental Physiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7440-2171
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Environmental Physiology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Swedish Aerospace Physiology Centre, SAPC.
Jozef Stefan Inst, Dept Automat Biocybernet & Robot, Ljubljana, Slovenia.;Simon Fraser Univ, Dept Biomed Physiol & Kinesiol, Burnaby, BC, Canada..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Environmental Physiology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Swedish Aerospace Physiology Centre, SAPC.
2019 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, ISSN 0363-6119, E-ISSN 1522-1490, Vol. 317, no 3, p. R418-R431Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examined the interactive effects of mild hypothermia and hypoxia on finger vasoreactivity to local cold stress. Eight male lowlanders performed, in a counterbalanced order, a normoxic and a hypoxic (partial pressure of oxygen: similar to 12 kPa) hand cold provocation (consisting of a 30-min immersion in 8 degrees C water), while immersed to the chest either in 21 degrees C [cold trials; 0.5 degrees C fall in rectal temperature (T-rec) from individual preimmersion values], or in 35.5 degrees C water, or while exposed to 27 degrees C air. The duration of the trials was kept constant in each breathing condition. Physiological (T-rec, skin temperature, cutaneous vascular conductance, oxygen uptake) and perceptual (thermal sensation and comfort, local pain, affective valence) reactions were monitored continually. Hypoxia accelerated the drop in T-rec by similar to 14 min (P = 0.06, d = 0.67). In the air-exposure trials, hypoxia did not alter finger perfusion during the local cooling. whereas it impaired the finger rewarming response following the cooling (P < 0.01). During the 35.5 degrees C immersion, the finger vasomotor tone was enhanced, especially in hypoxia (P = 0.01). Mild hypothermia aggravated finger vasoconstriction instigated by local cooling (P < 0.01), but the response did not differ between the two breathing conditions (P > 0.05). Hypoxia tended to attenuate the sensation of coldness (P = 0.10, r = 0.40) and thermal discomfort (P = 0.09, r = 0.46) in the immersed hand. Both in normoxia and hypoxia, the whole body thermal state dictates the cutaneous vasomotor reactivity to localized cold stimulus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC , 2019. Vol. 317, no 3, p. R418-R431
Keywords [en]
CIVD, cutaneous blood flow, immersion, shivering, thermal perception
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261322DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00103.2019ISI: 000486547100006PubMedID: 31241983Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071706546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-261322DiVA, id: diva2:1358293
Note

QC 20191007

Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-07Bibliographically approved

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Keramidas, Michail E.Kölegård, RogerEiken, Ola

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