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Numerical investigation of thermal performance augmentation of nanofluid flow in microchannel heat sinks by using of novel nozzle structure: sinusoidal cavities and rectangular ribs
Amirkabir Univ Technol, Tehran Polytech, Mech Engn Dept, 424 Hafez Ave,POB 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran..
Islamic Azad Univ, Young Researchers & Elite Club, Khomeinishahr Branch, Khomeinishahr, Iran..
Islamic Azad Univ, Dept Mech Engn, Khomeinishahr Branch, Khomeinishahr 84175119, Iran..
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Process Science. Sharif Univ Technol, Dept Mech Engn, Tehran, Iran..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5976-2697
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2019 (English)In: Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, ISSN 1678-5878, E-ISSN 1806-3691, Vol. 41, no 10, article id UNSP 443Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we present a numerical simulation of a laminar, steady and Newtonian flow of f-graphene nanoplatelet/water nanofluid in a new microchannel design with factors for increasing heat transfer such as presence of ribs, curves to enable satisfactory fluid mixing and changing fluid course at the inlet and exit sections. The results of this study show that Nusselt number is dependent on nanoparticles concentration, inlet geometry and Reynolds number. As the nanofluid concentration increases from 0 to 0.1% and Reynolds number from 50 to 1000, the Nusselt number enhances nearly up to 3% for increase in fluid concentration and averagely from 15.45 to 54.1 and from 14.5 to 55.9 for geometry with and without rectangular rib, respectively. The presence of ribs in the middle section of microchannel and curves close to hot walls causes a complete mixing of the fluid in different zones. When the nanoparticles concentration is increased, the pressure drop and velocity gradient will become higher. An increased concentration of nanoparticles in contribution with higher Reynolds numbers only increases the fraction factor slightly. (The fraction factor increases nearly 37% and 35% for Re = 50 and 1000, respectively.) The highest uniform temperature distribution can be found in the first zones of fluid in the microchannel and by further movement of fluid toward exit section, because of decreasing difference between surface and fluid temperature, the growth of temperature boundary layer increases and results in non-uniformity in temperature distribution in microchannel and cooling fluid. With decrease in the concentration from 0 to 0.1%, the average outlet temperature and FOM decrease nearby 0.62% and 6.15, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG , 2019. Vol. 41, no 10, article id UNSP 443
Keywords [en]
Thermal performance, Nanofluid flow, Microchannel heat sinks, Novel nozzle structure, Sinusoidal cavities, Rectangular ribs
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261943DOI: 10.1007/s40430-019-1952-zISI: 000487122000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073198348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-261943DiVA, id: diva2:1361164
Note

QC 20191015

Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Saffari Pour, MohsenJönsson, PärErsson, Mikael

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