Impedance as a Tool for Investigating Aging in Lithium-Ion Porous Electrodes: II. Positive Electrode Examination
2008 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, Vol. 155, no 4, A320-A338 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
High-power positive LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 composite porous electrodes are known to be the main source of impedance increase in batteries based on GEN2 chemistry. The impedance of positive electrodes, both fresh and harvested from coin cells aged in an accelerated EUCAR hybrid electric vehicle lifetime matrix, was measured in a three-electrode setup and the results fitted with a physically based impedance model. A methodology for fitting the impedance data, including an optimization strategy incorporating a global genetic routine, was used to fit either fresh or aged positive electrodes simultaneously at different states of charge down to 0.5 mHz. The fresh electrodes had an exchange current density of approximately 1.0 A m(-2), a solid-phase diffusion coefficient of approximately 1.4 x 10(-1)5 m(2) s(-1), and a log-normal active particle size distribution with a mean radius of 0.25 mu m. Aged electrode impedance results were shown to be highly dependent on both the electrode state of charge and the pressure applied to the electrode surface. An aging scenario incorporating loss of active particles, coupled with an increase both in the local contact resistance between the active material and the conductive carbon and the resistance of a layer on the current collector, was shown to be adequate in describing the measured aged electrode impedance behavior.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 155, no 4, A320-A338 p.
X-RAY-DIFFRACTION; HIGH-POWER; CURRENT COLLECTORS; BATTERY ELECTROLYTES; CATHODE COMPOSITION; STRESS GENERATION; SOLID-SOLUTIONS; INSERTION CELL; CAPACITY FADE; PASSIVE FILM
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8327DOI: 10.1149/1.2832654ISI: 000253761700007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-40549091380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8327DiVA: diva2:13619
QC 201006182008-05-062008-05-062010-07-09Bibliographically approved