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Modeling, simulation and economic analysis of CSP-driven solar fuel plant for diesel and gasoline production
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Linder Höhe, Cologne, 51147, Germany.
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2019 (English)In: AIP Conference Proceedings, American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2019, article id 180009Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present research focuses on modeling of solar thermal driven fuel production plant with CO2 and H2O as raw materials to produce synthetic gas (syngas) which is converted into hydrocarbons through Fischer-Tropsch process either with Fe and Co catalyst to produce diesel, gasoline and kerosene. The solar reactor uses cerium oxide (CeO2) as a metal-redox and operates at 1773 K and 1300 K for reduction and oxidation step respectively under non-stoichiometric condition. The plant is analyzed by performing a quasi-steady state simulation under boundary condition that the Fischer-Tropsch reactor should operate with the capacity factor of 0.95 or 8350 hours annually. A storage tank is used to store and regulate the flow of syngas going into the Fischer-Tropsch reactor. Sensitivity analysis is carried out, particularly on solar reactor conversion and solid-to-solid heat exchanger efficiency. Another sensitivity analysis is to combine PV and CSP as the external electricity source. The production cost is finally calculated using annuity method with constant discount rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2019. article id 180009
Series
AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-262564DOI: 10.1063/1.5117689Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070648587ISBN: 9780735418660 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-262564DiVA, id: diva2:1365578
Conference
24th SolarPACES International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems, SolarPACES 2018; Casablanca; Morocco; 2 October 2018 through 5 October 2018
Note

QC 20191025

Available from: 2019-10-25 Created: 2019-10-25 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved

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Guédez, RafaelLaumert, Björn

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