Enhanced film forming and film properties of amylopectin using micro-fibrillated cellulose
2007 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 68, no 4, 718-727 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This work describes a novel approach to produce amylopectin films with enhanced properties by the addition of micro fibrillated cellulose (MFC). Aqueous dispersions of gelatinized amylopectin, glycerol (0-38 wt%) and MFC (0-10 wt%) were cast at ambient temperature and 50% relative humidity and, after 10 days of storage, the tensile properties were investigated. The structure of the composite films was revealed by optical, atomic force and transmission electron microscopy. The moisture content was determined by thermogravimetry and the temperature-dependent film rigidity was measured by thermal mechanical analysis. Synchrotron simultaneous small- and wide-angle X-ray measurements revealed that the solutions had to be heated to above 85 degrees C in order to achieve complete gelatinization. Optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy revealed uniformly distributed MFC aggregates in the films, with a length of 10-90 mu m and a width spanning from a few hundred nanometers to several microns. Transmission electron microscopy showed that, in addition to aggregates, single MFC microfibrils were also embedded in the amylopectin matrix. It was impossible to cast antylopectin films of sufficient quality with less than 38 wt% glycerol. However, when MFC was added it was possible to produce high quality films even without glycerol. The film without glycerol was stiff and strong but not brittle. It was suggested that this remarkable effect was due to its comparatively high moisture content. Consequently MFC acted both as a "conventional" reinforcement because of its fibrous structure and also indirectly as a plasticiser because its presence led to an increase in film moisture content.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 68, no 4, 718-727 p.
amylopectin films, microfibrillar cellulose, glycerol, mechanical properties, plasticiser
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8361DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2006.08.008ISI: 000245846200012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33947172649OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8361DiVA: diva2:13663
QC 201008312008-05-072008-05-072010-11-22Bibliographically approved