Properties of amylopectin/montmorillonite composite films containing a coupling agent
2007 (English)In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 104, no 6, 4160-4167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The addition of clay to polymers has the combined effects of enhancing both the strength / stiffness and the barrier properties. This investigation presents a novel approach to further enhance the strength / stiffness of cast plasticized amylopectin (AP)/Na+-montmorillonite clay films using a water-soluble coupling agent, poly[(isobutylene-alt-maleic acid, ammonium salt)-co-(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride)], between the filler and the matrix. The addition of clay increased the strength and stiffness of the film and the addition of 0.4 parts of a coupling agent per 1 part clay further increased these properties. The trends were the same after each treatment, and there were always significant differences in stiffness and strength between the films without clay and with clay with 0.4 parts of the coupling agent. The increase in stiffness / strength in the presence of a small amount of the coupling agent suggested that it had a bridging effect, presumably through strong secondary bonds to the clay and to the matrix. Infrared spectroscopy and moisture swelling experiments indicated that ester bonds were formed between the coupling agent and AP. X-ray spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the clay-particle / polymer structure was qualitatively independent of the presence of the coupling agent showing a mixture of intercalated clay stacks and exfoliated platelets.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 104, no 6, 4160-4167 p.
amylopectin, montmorillonite, composite, mechanical properties, coupling agent
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8362DOI: 10.1002/app.26172ISI: 000246128400087ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34249048863OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8362DiVA: diva2:13664
QC 201008312008-05-072008-05-072010-11-22Bibliographically approved