Enhancement of the wet properties of transparent chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films using microfibrillated cellulose
2007 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 8, no 8, 2398-2403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This report presents a new route to enhance the wet properties of chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films using microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). The enhancement makes it easier to form chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films into various shapes at room temperature in the wet state. Chitosan with MFC was compared with the well-known buffer treatment. It was observed that films containing 5 wt % MFC were visually identical to the buffered/unbuffered films without MFC. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy indicated that MFC formed a network with uniformly distributed fibrils and fibril bundles in the chitosan matrix. The addition of MFC reduced the risk of creases and deformation in the wet state because of a greater wet stiffness. The wet films containing MFC were also extensible. Although the stiffness, strength and extensibility were highest for the buffered films, the wet strength of the MFC-containing unbuffered films was sufficient for wet forming operations. The effects of MFC on the mechanical properties of the dry chitosan films were small or absent. It was concluded that the addition of MFC is an acceptable alternative to buffering for shaping chitosan films/products in the wet state. The advantages are that the "extra" processing step associated with buffering is unnecessary and that the film matrix remains more water-soluble.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 8, no 8, 2398-2403 p.
Acetic acid, Mechanical properties, Scanning electron microscopy, Solubility, Stiffness, Wetting Buffer treatment, Chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films, Film matrix, Microfibrillated cellulose
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8363DOI: 10.1021/bm070246xISI: 000248755000010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34548207331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8363DiVA: diva2:13665
QC 201008312008-05-072008-05-072010-11-22Bibliographically approved