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The Impact of the Gas Inlet Position, Flow Rate, and Strip Velocity on the Temperature Distribution of a Stainless-Steel Strips during the Hardening Process
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing. Dalarna Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, SE-79188 Falun, Sweden.;Voestalpine Precis Strip AB, Res & Dev Dept, SE-68428 Munkfors, Sweden..
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Process Metallurgy. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2109-3731
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Process Metallurgy. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1919-9964
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9775-0382
2019 (English)In: METALS, ISSN 2075-4701, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 928Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A non-uniform temperature across the width of martensitic stainless-steel strips is considered to be one of the main reasons why the strip exhibits un-flatness defects during the hardening process. Therefore, the effect of the gas inlet position in this process, on the temperature distribution of the steel strip was investigated numerically. Furthermore, an infrared thermal imaging camera was used to compare the model predictions and the actual process data. The results showed that the temperature difference across the width of the strip decreased by 9% and 14% relative to the calculated temperature and measured values, respectively, when the gas inlet position was changed. This temperature investigation was performed at a position about 63 mm from the bath interface. Moreover, a more symmetrical temperature distribution was observed across the width of the strip. In addition, this study showed that by increasing the amount of the hydrogen flow rate by 2 Nm(3)/h, a 20% reduction of temperature difference across the width of strip was predicted. Meanwhile, the results show that the effect of the strip velocity on the strip temperature is very small.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 9, no 9, article id 928
Keywords [en]
continuous hardening process, martempering, heat transfer, numerical modelling, computational fluid dynamics
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-262979DOI: 10.3390/met9090928ISI: 000489129800014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073350992OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-262979DiVA, id: diva2:1367041
Note

QC 20191031

Available from: 2019-10-31 Created: 2019-10-31 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved

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Pirouznia, PouyanAndersson, Nils A. I.Tilliander, AndersJönsson, Pär

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