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Wood adhesion mechanisms: prediction of wood-thermoplastic-water interactions
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9156-3161
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Materials.
2006 (English)In: Wood Adhesives 2005 / [ed] Charles R. Frihart, Forest Products Society , 2006, no 7230, 385-392 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Forest Products Society , 2006. no 7230, 385-392 p.
, Forest Products Societey, Proceedings No. 7230
Keyword [en]
Wood adhesion, modified wood, acetylated, furfurylated heat treated
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8384ISBN: 1-892529-45-9OAI: diva2:13690
Wood Adhesives 2005

QC 20101108

Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-05-08 Last updated: 2016-04-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Aspects on wettability and surface composition of modified wood
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aspects on wettability and surface composition of modified wood
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Wood is often combined with other materials such as thermoplastics, adhesives and coatings. In general, combinations of wood and polymers especially in outdoor exposure have poor long-term durability. This behaviour can be related to an insufficient wood-polymer adhesion due to the low intrinsic compatibility between the wood substance and the polymers used. Another source for woodpolymer de-bonding is the high hygroscopicity of wood and great difference in hygro-thermal properties between the components.

The basic conceptual idea related to this work is to reduce the hygrosensitivity of wood by applying different wood modification methods, in particular, acetylation, furfurylation and heat treatment. The effects of such chemical modifications of wood, also accompanied with ageing effects, on its adhesion properties with commonly used synthetic polymers are, however, not well understood. In this context, the over-all purpose of this thesis is to achieve a better understanding of wood-polymer adhesion and interfacial forces which also may guide us to tailor the interaction between modified wood and e.g. thermoplastics and adhesives. The main focus of this thesis is therefore to apply contact angle analysis based on the Chang-Qin-Chen (CQC) Lewis acid-base model in order to estimate the work of adhesion (Wa) between the wood, modified wood and certain polymers. Contact angle measurements on wood samples were performed based on the Wilhelm plate principle. Related to this, an effort was also made to characterize the studied modified wood surfaces according to morphology and chemical composition. The methods that have been used are low vacuum scanning electron microscopy (LV-SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS).

Results show that so-called interaction parameters can be successfully estimated for prediction of Wa between wood and polymers using the applied CQC model. Furthermore, such wetting analysis was successfully related to spectroscopic findings of the chemical composition of the wood samples surface. Ageing effects, i.e. the time after preparation of the wood surface, play a central role for the surface characteristics. In most cases, ageing resulted in a significant decrease of Wa between wood and water and a moderate decrease between wood and thermoplastics. The surface characteristics of acetylated wood were, however, more stable over time compared to unmodified, furfurylated and heat treated wood. The predicted Wa with the adhesives for heat treated and acetylated wood was increased due to ageing. Future work is planned to involve studies in order to relate such predicted adhesion properties with the actual performance of various wood-polymer systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. xi, 41 p.
Trita-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2008:1
Wettability, contact angle, work of adhesion, Lewis acid-base, modified wood
National Category
Building Technologies
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4735 (URN)978-91-7178-952-5 (ISBN)
2008-05-16, Seminarierummet, KTH, Brinellvägen 34, Stockholm, 10:15
QC 20101108Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-05-08 Last updated: 2010-11-08Bibliographically approved

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Wålinder, M. E. P.Bryne, Lars-Elof
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