Radiation induced spent nuclear fuel dissolution under deep repository conditions
2007 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, Vol. 41, no 20, 7087-7093 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The dynamics of spent nuclear fuel dissolution in groundwater is an important part of the safety assessment of a deep geological repository for high level nuclear waste. In this paper we discuss the most important elementary processes and parameters involved in radiation induced oxidative dissolution of spent nuclear fuel. Based on these processes, we also present a new approach for simulation of spent nuclear fuel dissolution under deep repository conditions. This approach accounts for the effects of fuel age, burn up, noble metal nanoparticle contents, aqueous H-2 and HCO3- concentration, water chemistry, and combinations thereof. The results clearly indicate that solutes consuming H2O2 and combined effects of noble metal nanoparticles and H-2 have significant impact on the rate of spent nuclear fuel dissolution. Using data from the two possible repository sites in Sweden, we have employed the new approach to estimate the maximum rate of spent nuclear fuel dissolution. This estimate indicates that H-2 produced from radiolysis of groundwater alone will be sufficient to inhibit the dissolution, completely for spent nuclear fuel older than 100 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 41, no 20, 7087-7093 p.
Computer simulation, Concentration (process), Dissolution, Groundwater, Nanoparticles, Nuclear fuels, Radiation, Radioactive wastes, Radiolysis, Noble metal, Nuclear fuel dissolution, Water pollution, bicarbonate, ground water, hydrogen peroxide, metal, nanoparticle, nuclear fuel, water, Computer simulation, Concentration (process), Dissolution, Groundwater, Nanoparticles, Nuclear fuels, Radiation, Radioactive wastes, Radiolysis, Water pollution, assessment method, concentration (composition), dissolution, fuel, groundwater, oxidation, radioactive waste, repository, safety, water chemistry, article, concentration response, dissolution, oxidation, radiation, radioactive waste processing, radiolysis, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8390DOI: 10.1021/es070832yISI: 000250110800036ScopusID: 2-s2.0-35348828672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8390DiVA: diva2:13697
QC 201008112008-05-082008-05-082012-05-30Bibliographically approved