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Enhancing Environmental Performance by Green Procurement: A study of environmental procurement preferences in the construction industry
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Management and Assessment.
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

In recent years, the general awareness of the environmental impacts that industrial production gives rise to has radically increased throughout the world. Finding ways to minimise these impacts has become a major concern of the authorities in many countries. In order to promote a more sustainable industrial production, different incentives can be used. Among these incentives, the consideration of environmental issues in public procurement is increasingly being emphasised.

While much attention regarding sustainable procurement has centred on the purchase of products, this thesis focuses on green procurement of construction contracts. The construction industry is a major contributor to environmental pollution. It consumes about half of all resources humans take from nature and accounts for about 25 – 40 per cent of all energy used and about 30 – 50 per cent of all waste generated in OECD countries.

In the procurement of products, the environmental impacts of the available products can be estimated and compared, for example by using tools such as life cycle assessments. When construction contracts are procured, assessing the suppliers’ environmental capabilities can be more challenging, as the contract to be procured has not yet been performed. However, at the same time, there are considerably more opportunities to steer the construction towards more environmentally friendly alternatives.

In the thesis, it is suggested that the environmental requirements and the environmental criteria for tender evaluation should be used in combination, in order to safeguard environmental performance in the construction project and at the same time stimulate a green development within the industrial sector. In addition, the role of the client in ensuring that the environmental requirements are fulfilled during construction work is emphasised.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2008. , vi, 16 p.
Series
Trita-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2040
Keyword [en]
Green procurement, Environmental management, Construction industry, Environmental criteria, Environmental requirement, EIA, EMS, Public procurement, Construction project
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4766ISBN: 978-91-7415-001-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4766DiVA: diva2:13839
Presentation
2008-05-30, V23, V, Teknikringen 76, Stockholm, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101125Available from: 2008-05-19 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2010-11-25Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Environmental Consideration in procurement of construction contracts: current practice, problems and opportunities in green procurement in the Swedish construction industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Consideration in procurement of construction contracts: current practice, problems and opportunities in green procurement in the Swedish construction industry
2009 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 17, no 13, 1214-1222 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research and initiatives concerning green procurement have to a great extent focused on products. This article, however, explores the current practice, problems and opportunities of green procurement of construction contracts. In particular, the application of environmental criteria for contract awarding is targeted. The findings of the study indicate that both public and private clients in the Swedish construction industry take environmental issues into consideration in their procurements. The environmental preferences are often formulated as environmental requirements. However, environmental criteria in tender evaluation are less common and seldom affect the award decisions. The environmental evaluation criteria that do occur often relate to the contractors' capabilities of managing the environmental work in the project.

Keyword
Green procurement, Green purchasing, Construction contract, Environmental management
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8496 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.04.001 (DOI)000267624200007 ()2-s2.0-67349274968 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20101125 Uppdaterad från submitted till published (20101125).Available from: 2008-05-19 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
2. Linking environmental impact assessment, environmental management systems and green procurement in construction projects: Lessons from the City Tunnel Project in Malmö, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking environmental impact assessment, environmental management systems and green procurement in construction projects: Lessons from the City Tunnel Project in Malmö, Sweden
2009 (English)In: Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, ISSN 1461-5517, E-ISSN 1471-5465, Vol. 27, no 1, 69-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Construction projects often involve significant environmental impacts (EIs). Although EI assessments are required for these projects, the commitments made in the EI statements are rarely followed up. As a consequence, the emphasis on and the awareness of these issues in the contractor's organisation are often insufficient. Drawing on a case study of the City Tunnel Project in Malmö, Sweden, this paper illustrates how the EIs identified in the EIA can be followed up by integrating them in the projectenvironmental management system, the construction contract procurements, and the EMSs and work instructions of the contractor. The use of environmental procurement preferences is suggested to provide a link between the EIA and the contractors' EMSs.

Keyword
Construction industry, Environmental impact assessment, Environmental management system, Green procurement
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8497 (URN)10.3152/146155109X410869 (DOI)2-s2.0-69749124879 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20101125 Uppdaterad från submitted till published (20101125). Tidigare titel: Linking EIA, EMS and Green Procurement in Construction Projects: Lessons from the City Tunnel Project in Malmö, SwedenAvailable from: 2008-05-19 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
3. Effectiveness of Green Procurement in the Construction Industry: A case study of the City Tunnel Project in Malmö, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effectiveness of Green Procurement in the Construction Industry: A case study of the City Tunnel Project in Malmö, Sweden
(English)In: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958, E-ISSN 1535-3966Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Keyword
Environmental management, Public procurement, Green procurement, Environmental criteria, Corporate environmental strategy, Construction industry
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8498 (URN)
Note
QS 20120328Available from: 2008-05-19 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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