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12. What are the prospects for using the ‘opt-out mechanism’ of Directive (EU) 2015/412 based on ethical or religious grounds?
Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4063-3219
Faculty of Law, Uppsala University.
2019 (English)In: Sustainable governance and management of food systems: Ethical perspectives / [ed] Eija Vinnari and Markus Vinnari, Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2019, p. 95-100Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In 2015, Directive (EU) 2015/412 was introduced into the European Union GMO regulatory framework. Article 26b(3) of the directive, now incorporated into Directive 2001/18/EC, gives the EU member states a possibility to restrict the cultivation of already authorized GMOs within their territories under certain conditions. The measures must be in conformity with Union law, reasoned, proportional and non-discriminatory, and they must be based on so-called ‘compelling grounds’. The amendment directive spells out a number of such grounds, including environmental or agricultural policy objectives and socioeconomic impacts. However, the list of compelling grounds is non-exhaustive, which opens up for other possible grounds for territorial restrictions, such as religious or ethical grounds. In this paper, we explore how a possible case for territorial restriction based on ethical or religious grounds could be constructed. We comment briefly on the prospects of getting such as case accepted by the CJEU, bearing in mind the Court’s ruling in case C-165/08 (Commission v Poland).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2019. p. 95-100
Keywords [en]
GMOs, ethical and religious grounds, Directive (EC) 2015/412, compelling grounds, CJEU
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-266449DOI: 10.3920/978-90-8686-892-6_12ISBN: 978-90-8686-892-6 (electronic)ISBN: 978-90-8686-341-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-266449DiVA, id: diva2:1384757
Conference
EURSAFE 2019 - Sustainable governance and management of food systems: ethical perspectives, 18 – 21 September 2019, Tampere University, Finland
Note

QC 2020110

Available from: 2020-01-10 Created: 2020-01-10 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Edvardsson Björnberg, Karin

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