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Identification and Characterization of the Chitin Synthase Genes From the Fish Pathogen Saprolegnia parasitica
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3369-2440
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Glycoscience.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2809-4160
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X, E-ISSN 1664-302X, Vol. 10, article id 2873Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Saprolegnia parasitica is a pathogenic oomycete responsible for severe fish infections. Despite its low abundance in the cell wall of S. parasitica, chitin is essential for hyphal growth as the inhibition of its biosynthesis leads to highly reduced growth. Here we identified and characterized chitin synthases (CHS) from S. parasitica as potential targets for anti-oomycete drugs. Bioinformatics analyses allowed the identification of six different putative Chs genes in the genome of the pathogen. The total number of genes was confirmed by Southern blot analysis and their expression levels were determined by quantitative PCR. Four of the six Chs genes were expressed in the mycelium, while the two others exhibited undetectable levels of expression. The mycelium was highly sensitive to the addition of nikkomycin Z (NZ) in the culture medium, which led to a decreased amount of chitin in the cell wall by up to 40% in the conditions tested, and to the formation of abnormal branching structures in the hyphae. The presence of NZ increased the expression level of one of the genes, Chs3, suggesting that the corresponding product is compensating the disruption of chitin biosynthesis in the hyphae. In addition, the activity of isolated CHS was strongly inhibited by NZ in vitro. Altogether our data indicate the importance of CHS for the vegetative growth of S. parasitica and demonstrate that these enzymes represent promising targets for the control of diseases caused by oomycetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA , 2019. Vol. 10, article id 2873
Keywords [en]
chitin synthase genes, chitin biosynthesis, nikkomycin Z, oomycetes, Saprolegnia parasitica
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-266549DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02873ISI: 000504753700001PubMedID: 31921051Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077315681OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-266549DiVA, id: diva2:1385793
Note

QC 20190115

Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Rzeszutek, ElzbietaDiaz-Moreno, Sara MBulone, Vincent

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