Comparing GIS-based habitat models for applications in EIA and SEA
2010 (English)In: Environmental impact assessment review, ISSN 0195-9255, E-ISSN 1873-6432, Vol. 30, no 1, 8-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Land use changes. urbanisation and infrastructure developments in particular. cause fragmentation of natural habitats and threaten biodiversity. Tools and measures must be adapted to assess and remedy the potential effects on biodiversity caused by human activities and developments. Within physical planning, environmental impact assessment (EIA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) play important roles in the prediction and assessment of biodiversity-related impacts from planned developments. However, adapted prediction tools to forecast and quantify potential impacts on biodiversity components are lacking. This study tested and compared four different CIS-based habitat models and assessed their relevance for applications in environmental assessment. The models were implemented in the Stockholm region in central Sweden and applied to data on the crested tit (Parus cristatus), a sedentary bird species of coniferous forest. All four models performed well and allowed the distribution of suitable habitats for the crested tit in the Stockholm region to be predicted. The models were also used to predict and quantify habitat loss for two regional development scenarios. The study highlighted the importance of model selection in impact prediction. Criteria that are relevant for the choice of model for predicting impacts on biodiversity were identified and discussed. Finally, the importance of environmental assessment for the preservation of biodiversity within the general frame of biodiversity conservation is emphasised.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 30, no 1, 8-18 p.
Biodiversity, Impact prediction, Crested tit, Conservation planning, Habitat suitability, Species distribution modeling
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8536DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2009.05.003ISI: 000272928500002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70449518327OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8536DiVA: diva2:13886
QC 20100727. Uppdaterad från manuskript till artikel (20100727).2008-05-272008-05-272013-01-14Bibliographically approved