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A 3D displacement measurement methodology for anisotropic porous cellular foam materials
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory MWL.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory MWL.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1855-5437
2007 (English)In: Polymer testing, ISSN 0142-9418, E-ISSN 1873-2348, Vol. 26, no 6, 711-719 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a new testing methodology for three dimensional (3D) full-field displacement mapping at the surface of elastic materials under static loading, here with a special focus on macroscopic behaviour of an anisotropic porous cellular foam. Three displacement components on four adjacent surfaces are estimated for cubic samples of the foam using a dual-camera 3D image correlation system. The critical feature of the proposed method is the provision made for efficient mapping of the four visible sides of the cubic sample, involving a rotating table and a common lateral reference frame. The overall setup used is described in some detail, together with the main steps of the measurement procedure and including remarks on the experience made during the development. Observations made concerning specific deformation phenomena occurring at discontinuities are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 26, no 6, 711-719 p.
Keyword [en]
full-field displacement; melamine foam; 3D imaging; digital speckle correlation method
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8568DOI: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2007.02.008ISI: 000249413800003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34547653197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8568DiVA: diva2:13926
Note
QC 20100729Available from: 2008-06-02 Created: 2008-06-02 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Elastic and acoustic characterisation of anisotropic porous materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elastic and acoustic characterisation of anisotropic porous materials
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

For an accurate prediction of the low and medium frequency surface vibration and sound radiation behaviour of porous materials, there is a need to improve the means of estimating their elastic and acoustic properties. The underlying reasons for this are many and of varying origin, one prominent being a poor knowledge of the geometric anisotropy of the cell microstructure in the manufactured porous materials. Another one being, the characteristic feature of such materials i.e. that their density, elasticity and dissipative properties are highly dependent upon the manufacturing process techniques and settings used. In the case of free form moulding, the geometry of the cells and the dimensions of the struts are influenced by the rise and injection flow directions and also by the effect of gravity, elongating the cells. In addition the influence of the boundaries of the mould also introduces variations in the properties of the foam block produced.

Despite these complications, the need to predict and, in the end, optimise the acoustic performance of these materials, either as isolated components or as part of a multi-layer arrangement, is growing. It is driven by the increasing demands for an acoustic performance in balance with the costs, a focus which serves to increase the need for modelling their behaviour in general and the above mentioned, inherent, anisotropy in particular.

The current work is focussing on the experimental part of the characterisation of the material properties which is needed in order to correctly represent the anisotropy in numerical simulation models.

Then an hybrid approach based on a combination of experimental deformation, strain field mapping, flow resistivity measurement and physically based porous material acoustic Finite Element (FE) simulation modelling is described. This inverse estimation linked with high quality measurements is crucial for the determination of the anisotropic coefficients of the porous materials is illustrated here for soft foam and fibrous wool materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. 19 p.
Series
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2008-25
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4782 (URN)978-91-7178-995-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-11, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 09:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100729Available from: 2008-06-02 Created: 2008-06-02 Last updated: 2010-07-29Bibliographically approved
2. Elastic and acoustic characterisation of porous layered system
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elastic and acoustic characterisation of porous layered system
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

For an accurate prediction of the low and medium frequency surface vibration and sound radiation behaviour of porous layered systems, there is a need to improve the means of estimating their elastic and acoustic properties. The underlying reasons for this are many and of varying origin, one prominent being a poor knowledge of the geometric anisotropy of the cell microstructure in the manufactured porous materials. Another one being, the characteristic feature of such materials i.e. that their density, elasticity and dissipative properties are highly dependent upon the manufacturing process techniques and settings used. In the case of free form moulding, the geometry of the cells and the dimensions of the struts are influenced by the rise and injection flow directions and also by the effect of gravity, elongating the cells. In addition the influence of the boundaries of the mould also introduces variations in the properties of the foam block produced. Despite these complications, the need to predict and, in the end, optimise the acoustic performance of these materials, either as isolated components or as part of a multi-layer arrangement, is growing. It is driven by the increasing demands for an acoustic performance in balance with the costs, a focus which serves to increase the need for modelling their behaviour in general and the above mentioned, inherent, anisotropy in particular. The current work is focussing on the experimental part of the characterisation of the material properties which is needed in order to correctly represent the anisotropy in numerical simulation models. A hybrid approach based on a combination of experimental deformation and strain field mapping, and physically based porous material acoustic Finite Element (FE) simulation modelling, is under development which ultimately will provide the anisotropic elastic coefficients and acoustic properties of the porous layered system. The first step, involving new testing methods, is discussed here and demonstrated for a soft foam.

In addition investigations using laser vibrometers combined with finite element modelling of the Panphonics G1 multi-layered panel elements are also discussed. Variations in the mounting conditions, including globally acting restraints, are evaluated through dynamic measurements and acoustic interaction with the surrounding acoustic field. Results from investigations into different changes of the panel design parameters in order to improve the effectiveness in the low frequency range are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. 11 p.
Series
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2006:32 
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4047 (URN)
Presentation
2006-06-09, 74, Teknikringen 8, KTH, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101115Available from: 2006-06-12 Created: 2006-06-12 Last updated: 2010-11-15Bibliographically approved

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