Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Electrification co-operatives bring new light to rural Tanzania
Luleå University of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology.
Tanzania Electric Supply Co. Ltd..
Show others and affiliations
2005 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 33, no 10, 1299-1307 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One possibility to accelerate the progress of rural electrification in developing Countries could be to form independent electrification co-operatives that are allowed to generate and distribute electric power and set their own tariffs. This approach has been successfully tried in the village Urambo, located about 80 km west of Tabora in Tanzania. The co-operative was formed in 1993 and started regular operation in 1994 with 67 consumers. The co-operative received initial financial support for rehabilitation of a diesel power plant and some other investments. The national utility TANESCO has provided technical support and training for operators and an accountant. Despite a tariff more than 15 times higher than in the nearby town Tabora that is served by TANESCO, the number of consumers in Urambo has been growing and reached 241 in October 2002. About 70% of the Supplied electricity in 2002 was used by households, 15% in businesses, 12% in institutions and public buildings and approximately 3% for street lighting. The reliability of the supply has improved from 80% in 1994, to 97% during 2002. The experiences must be considered as very promising. Several more electrification co-operatives have been formed in Tanzania and are looking for financing for the necessary initial investments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 33, no 10, 1299-1307 p.
Keyword [en]
rural electrification; co-operatives; Tanzania
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8672DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2003.12.006ISI: 000228206800007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-11244249793OAI: diva2:14055
QC 20100812Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2010-08-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. And Then They Lived Sustainably Ever After?: Experiences from Rural Electrification in Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya
Open this publication in new window or tab >>And Then They Lived Sustainably Ever After?: Experiences from Rural Electrification in Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Accelerating the introduction of basic, clean energy services is seen as a key strategy for promoting sustainable development in rural areas. Still, many people worldwide lack access to modern energy such as electricity, and Africa lags behind other developing regions of the world. Support to rural electrification is therefore given high priority by the national governments and donor organisations.

There is a trend to encourage the involvement of other actors than national utilities for implementation of rural electrification. At the same time, it is required that the activities shall contribute to sustainable development.

The objective of the work presented in this thesis has been to reach increased knowledge on the impact from organisational factors on project sustainability, and to examine whether rural electrification implemented by private entrepreneurs or other non-governmental organisations contribute more effectively to sustainable development than the conventional approach where rural electrification is the responsibility of a government utility. A key activity of the research work has been to improve and develop the present methodologies used for evaluations, as to attain a more functional in-field evaluation method.

The thesis presents findings from seven rural electrification cases in Eastern and Southern Africa and shows how these can be used to illustrate different dimensions of sustainability by means of indicators. The evaluation indicates that the national utilities perform better from a social/ethical perspective, whereas the private organisations and the community-based organisations manage their client-relation issues in a more sustainable way.

In addition, a literature survey shows that among stakeholders there are a number of “concepts-taken-for-granted” as regards to rural electrification. These are not supported by the findings from the seven cases. The observed deviations between expectations and realities can obstruct the development as decision-makers may have unrealistic expectations when planning for new electrification activities. Instead, activities have to be implemented with the empirical reality in mind. By doing so the ambiguities, complexities and all the paradoxes of rural electrification can hopefully be better managed.

The study has been funded by The Swedish International Development Agency, Department for Research Cooperation (SAREC), and Ångpanneföreningen’s Foundation for Research and Development (ÅFORSK).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. XII, 63 p.
Trita-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2008:5
Rural Electrification, Sustainable Development, Indicators, Evaluations, Interdisciplinary, Africa
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4804 (URN)978-91-7415-006-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-13, L1, Lantmäterihuset, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, Stockholm, 13:00
QC 20100812Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2010-10-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ilskog, ElisabethGullberg, Monica
By organisation
Building Technology
In the same journal
Energy Policy
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 98 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link