Effect of ceramic dispersion on thermoelectric properties of nano ZrO2/CoSb3 composites
2007 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 101, no 4, 043707- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the present work, nano- ZrO2 CoSb3 composites were fabricated by milling ZrO2 and CoSb3 powders and hot pressing at different sintering temperatures. For the prepared compacts, the phase purity, microstructure, and temperature-dependent thermoelectric properties were characterized. The effect of nano- ZrO2 dispersion on composite electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity is strictly clarified by comparing the transport properties of the nondispersed and dispersed CoSb3 at identical porosity, so that the effect of porosity on thermoelectric parameters could be eliminated. The effect of the insulating inclusion itself on transport properties is also considered and eliminated using effective media theories. It is clearly verified that charge carrier scattering and phonon scattering occur simultaneously to lower the electrical conductivity and the thermal conductivity of CoSb3 due to the introduction of nano- ZrO2 inclusions. The investigated composites show higher electrical conductivity due to existence of metallic Sb and lower thermal conductivity because of nanodispersion. At the ranges of high measuring temperature (673-723 K) and low porosity (6%-9%), the ratio of electrical conductivity to thermal conductivity of the dispersed CoSb3 is higher than that of nondispersed CoSb3, and the dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) of the composite could probably be improved at these ranges with the enhanced ratio of electrical conductivity to thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, which is assumed to be increased by a potential barrier scattering.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 101, no 4, 043707- p.
Dispersions, Hot pressing, Sintering, Thermal conductivity, Thermoelectricity, Zirconia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8685DOI: 10.1063/1.2561628ISI: 000244530800049ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33847632045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8685DiVA: diva2:14071
QC 201009092008-06-042008-06-042010-09-09Bibliographically approved