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One-pot dendritic growth and post-functionalization of multifunctional dendrimers: Synthesis and application
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Neuronic Engineering.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
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2009 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8694DiVA: diva2:14081
Note
QC 20100629Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2012-05-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Functional Dendritic Materials using Click Chemistry: Synthesis, Characterizations and Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functional Dendritic Materials using Click Chemistry: Synthesis, Characterizations and Applications
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [sv]

Förfrågan efter nya och mer avancerade applikationer är en pågående process vilket leder till en konstant utveckling av nya material. För att förstå relationen mellan en applikations egenskaper och dess sammansättning krävs full förståelse och kontroll över materialets uppbyggnad. En sådan kontroll över uppbyggnaden hos material hittas i en undergrupp till dendritiska polymerer som kallas dendrimerer. I den här doktorsavhandlingen belyses nya metoder för att framställa dendrimer med hjälp av selektiva kemiska reaktioner. Sådana selektiva reaktioner kan hittas inom konceptet klickkemi och har i detta arbete kombinerats med traditionell anhydrid- och karbodiimidmedierad kemi.

Denna avhandling diskuterar en accelererad tillväxtmetod, dendrimerer med inre och yttre reaktiva grupper, simultana reaktioner och applikationer baserade på dessa dendritiska material.

En accelererad tillväxtmetod har utvecklats baserad på AB2- och CD2-monomerer. Dessa monomerer tillåter tillväxt av dendrimerer utan att använda sig av skyddsgruppkemi eller aktivering av ändgrupper. Detta gjordes genom att kombinera kemoselektiviteten hos klickkemi tillsammans med traditionell syraklorid kopplingar.

Dendrimerer med inre alkyn- eller azidfunktionalitet syntetiserades genom att använda AB2C-monomerer. Den dendritiska tillväxten skedde med hjälp av karbodiimidmedierad kemi. Monomererna som användes bär på en C-funktionalitet, alkyn eller azid, och på så sätt byggs får interiören i de syntetiserade dendrimeren en inneburen aktiv funktionell grupp.

Ortogonaliteten hos klickkemi användes för att sammanfoga monomerer till en dendritisk struktur. Traditionell anhydridkemi- och klickemireaktioner utfördes samtidigt och på så sätt kunde dendritiska strukturer erhållas med färre antal uppreningssteg.

En ljusemitterande dendrimer syntetiserades genom att koppla azidfunktionella dendroner till en alkynfunktionell cyclenkärna. Europiumjoner inkorporerades i kärnan varpå dendrimerens fotofysiska egenskaper analyserades. Mätningarna visade att den bildade triazolen hade en sensibiliserande effekt på europiumjonen. Termiska studier på några av de syntetiserade dendrimerer utfördes för att se om några av dem kunde fungera som templat vid framställning av isoporösa filmer.

Abstract [en]

The need for new improved materials in cutting edge applications is constantly inspiring researchers to developing novel advanced macromolecular structures. A research area within advanced and complex macromolecular structures is dendrimers and their synthesis. Dendrimers consist of highly dense and branched structures that have promising properties suitable for biomedical and electrical applications and as templating materials. Dendrimers provide full control over the structure and property relationship since they are synthesized with unprecedented control over each reaction step. In this doctoral thesis, new methodologies for dendrimer synthesis are based on the concept of click chemistry in combination with traditional chemical reactions for dendrimer synthesis.

This thesis discusses an accelerated growth approach, dendrimers with internal functionality, concurrent reactions and their applications.

An accelerated growth approach for dendrimers was developed based on AB2- and CD2-monomers. These allow dendritic growth without the use of activation or deprotection of the peripheral end-groups. This was achieved by combining the chemoselective nature of click chemistry and traditional acid chloride reactions.

Dendrimers with internal azide/alkyne functionality were prepared by adding AB2C monomers to a multifunctional core. Dendritic growth was obtained by employing carbodiimide mediated chemistry. The monomers carry a pendant C-functionality (alkyne or azide) that remains available in the dendritic interior resulting in dendrimers with internal and peripheral functionalities.

The orthogonal nature of click chemistry was utilized for the simultaneous assembly of monomers into dendritic structures. Traditional anhydride chemistry and click chemistry were carried out concurrently to obtain dendritic structures. This procedure allows synthesis of dendritic structures using fewer purification steps.

Thermal analyses on selected dendrimers were carried out to verify their use as templates for the formation of honeycomb membranes. Additionally, a light emitting dendrimer was prepared by coupling of azide functional dendrons to an alkyne functional cyclen core. A Europium ion was incorporated into the dendrimer core, and photophysical measurements on the metal containing dendrimer revealed that the formed triazole linkage possesses a sensitizing effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. 77 p.
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2008:47
Keyword
Dendrimer, Dendron, Dendritic, Hyperbranched, Click, Chemistry, CuAAc, One-Pot, Multi-functional, Simultaneous, Honeycomb, Isoporous, MALDI, NMR, GPC, TGA, DSC
National Category
Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4808 (URN)978-91-7415-017-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-13, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100629Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2010-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Hult, AndersMalkoch, Michael

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