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Polyelectrolyte multilayers on wood fibers: Influence of molecular weight on layer properties and mechanical properties of papers from treated fibers
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8622-0386
2008 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 328, no 2, 233-242 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper compares the influence of the molecular weight of polylelectrolytes forming polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM) on wood fibers on adhesion and paper strength. Sheets were made from fibers treated with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH)/poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) of molecular mass 70,000 and 240,000, respectively, and of poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC)/poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) of molecular mass 30,000 and 80,000, respectively. The results were compared to what has recently been reported for PEM formation on fibers using a low-molecular-mass combination of PAH and PAA and a high-molecular-mass combination of PDADMAC/PSS. There was a less significant improvement in the case of the low-molecular-mass PDADMAC/PSS and the high-molecular-mass PAH/PAA. The adsorbed amounts of PAH and PDADMAC were also determined, showing a lower adsorbed amount of the low-molecular-mass PAH than of the high-molecular-mass PDADMAC. The amount of low-molecular-mass PDADMAC was similar to that found for high-molecular-mass PDADMAC/PSS. Individual fibers were partly treated and studied, showing a less significant decrease in wettability with low-molecular-mass PDADMAC/PSS than with the high-molecular-mass combination. The effect of the molecular weight on the adhesion was discussed in terms of the structure and wettability of the PEMs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 328, no 2, 233-242 p.
Keyword [en]
Polyelectrolyte; Multilayer; Molecular mass; Adsorption; Reflectance; Contact angle; Dynamics; Paper; Mechanical properties; Individual; Cellulose fiber
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8745DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2008.08.065ISI: 000260845300003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-64849095165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8745DiVA: diva2:14151
Note
QC 20100823. Uppdaterad från manuskript till artikel (20100823).Available from: 2008-06-13 Created: 2008-06-13 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On the Adhesion Between Substrates Covered with Polyelectrolyte Multilayers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Adhesion Between Substrates Covered with Polyelectrolyte Multilayers
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the formation of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers (PEM) on cellulose fibres as a new way of influencing the fibre surface and the adhesion between wood fibres. The aim of the study was to enhance the fundamental understanding of the adsorption mechanisms behind the formation of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers on cellulose fibres; to study how the properties of the layers can be influenced and to show how the properties of the layers influence the adhesion between the fibres and the strength of paper sheets made from the PEM treated fibres.

Different polyelectrolyte systems are known to form PEMs with different properties, and in this work two different polymer systems were extensively studied: poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) / poly(styrene sulphonate) (PSS), which are both strong polylectrolytes (i.e. are highly charged over a wide range of pH) and poly allylaminehydrochloride (PAH) /poly acrylic acid (PAA), which are both weak polyelectorlytes (i.e. sensitive to pH changes). PEMs were also formed from PAH/ poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):PSS (PEDOT:PSS), in order to form electrically conducting PEMs on fibres and PEM-like structures were formed from polyethylene oxide (PEO) and polyacrylic acid (PAA).

In order to study the influence of the PEM on adhesion and paper strength, fibres were treated and used to form sheets which were physically tested according to determine the tensile index and strain at break. Both these systems were studied using different molecular mass fractions. High molecular mass PDADMAC/PSS (>500k/1000k) had a significantly greater influence as a function of the number of layers than low molecular mass PDADMAC/PSS (30k/80k). In contrast, sheets made from high molecular mass PAH/PAA (70k/240k) showed a significantly lower increase in strength than sheets made from low molecular PAH/PAA investigated earlier. Both these systems had a greater influence on paper strength when the cationic polyelectrolyte was adsorbed in the outermost layer. The amount of polyelectrolytes adsorbed on the fibres was determined using polylectrolyte titration (PET) and destructive analytical methods. Adsorption to model surfaces of silicon oxide was studied before the adsorption on fibres, in order to understand the influence on PEM properties of parameters such as salt concentration and adsorption time.

Adhesion studies of surfaces coated with PAH/PAA using AFM, showed an increase in adhesion as a function of the number of adsorbed layers. The adhesion was higher when PAH was adsorbed in the outermost layers. Individual fibres were also partly treated using a Dynamic Contact Angle analyser (DCA) and were studied with regard to their wettability. In general, the wettability was lower when the cationic polymer was outermost. The level of adhesion and paper strength are discussed in terms of rigidity and wettability and the PEMs demonstrating a large number of free chain ends, a large chain mobility and a low wettability was found to have the greatest influence to adhesion and paper strength.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. viii, 60 p.
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2008:27
Keyword
fibre, polyelectorlyte, multilayer, wettability, contact angle, paper strength, atomic force microscopy, surface force apparatus
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4825 (URN)978-91-7178-955-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-05-16, F3, Flodissalen, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
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Supervisors
Note
QC 20100823Available from: 2008-06-13 Created: 2008-06-13 Last updated: 2010-08-23Bibliographically approved

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