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Isotope effects on L-H threshold and confinement in tokamak plasmas
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Fusion Plasma Physics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Fusion Plasma Physics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Fusion Plasma Physics.
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Number of Authors: 12492018 (English)In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 60, no 1, article id 014045Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The dependence of plasma transport and confinement on the main hydrogenic ion isotope mass is of fundamental importance for understanding turbulent transport and, therefore, for accurate extrapolations of confinement from present tokamak experiments, which typically use a single hydrogen isotope, to burning plasmas such as ITER, which will operate in deuterium-tritium mixtures. Knowledge of the dependence of plasma properties and edge transport barrier formation on main ion species is critical in view of the initial, low-activation phase of ITER operations in hydrogen or helium and of its implications on the subsequent operation in deuterium-tritium. The favourable scaling of global energy confinement time with isotope mass, which has been observed in many tokamak experiments, remains largely unexplained theoretically. Moreover, the mass scaling observed in experiments varies depending on the plasma edge conditions. In preparation for upcoming deuterium-tritium experiments in the JET tokamak with the ITER-like Be/W Wall (JET-ILW), a thorough experimental investigation of isotope effects in hydrogen, deuterium and tritium plasmas is being carried out, in order to provide stringent tests of plasma energy, particle and momentum transport models. Recent hydrogen and deuterium isotope experiments in JET-ILW on L-H power threshold, L-mode and H-mode confinement are reviewed and discussed in the context of past and more recent isotope experiments in tokamak plasmas, highlighting common elements as well as contrasting observations that have been reported. The experimental findings are discussed in the context of fundamental aspects of plasma transport models.

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Keywords [en]
tokamaks, isotope effects, confinement, L-H threshold
National Category
Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-271138DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aa9901ISI: 000428752600007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85038413109OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-271138DiVA, id: diva2:1416352
Conference
44th Conference of the European-Physical-Society (EPS) on Plasma Physics, JUN 26-30, 2017, Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast, ENGLAND
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QC 20200323

Available from: 2020-03-23 Created: 2020-03-23 Last updated: 2020-05-11Bibliographically approved

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Bergsåker, HenrikBykov, IgorFrassinetti, LorenzoGarcia Carrasco, AlvaroHellsten, TorbjörnJohnson, ThomasRachlew, ElisabethRatynskaia, SvetlanaRubel, MarekStefániková, EsteraStröm, PetterTholerus, EmmiOlivares, Pablo VallejosWeckmann, Armin
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