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Recognition through performance and reputation
Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Network Inst, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Org Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1292-8239
2019 (English)In: 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SCIENTOMETRICS & INFORMETRICS (ISSI2019), VOL II / [ed] Catalano, G Daraio, C Gregori, M Moed, HF Ruocco, G, INT SOC SCIENTOMETRICS & INFORMETRICS-ISSI , 2019, p. 2065-2069Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As the various disciplines have different forms of social and intellectual organization (Whitley 2000), scholars in various fields may depend less on their peers, and more on other audiences for recognition and funding. Following Merton (1973) we distinguish between performance and reputation for building up recognition. We show that there are indeed differences between the disciplines: in life sciences and social sciences, the reputation related indicators are dominant in predicting the score that grant applicants get from the panel, whereas in the natural sciences, the performance related indicators dominate the panel scores. Furthermore, when comparing within the life sciences the grantees with the best performing non-grantees, we show that the former score higher on the reputation indicators and the second score better on the performance variables, supporting the findings that in life sciences one probably gains recognition over reputation more than over individual performance. We suggest that this may not be optimal for the growth of knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INT SOC SCIENTOMETRICS & INFORMETRICS-ISSI , 2019. p. 2065-2069
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSN 2175-1935
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-270898ISI: 000508227200074Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073878573ISBN: 978-88-3381-118-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-270898DiVA, id: diva2:1416640
Conference
17th International Conference of the International-Society-for-Scientometrics-and-Informetrics (ISSI) on Scientometrics and Informetrics, SEP 02-05, 2019, Sapienza Univ Rome, Rome, ITALY
Note

QC 20200324

Available from: 2020-03-24 Created: 2020-03-24 Last updated: 2020-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, Ulf

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