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Land, energy and water resource management and its impact on GHG emissions, electricity supply and food production- Insights from a Ugandan case study
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0764-2615
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2535-4134
Simon Fraser University. (School of Sustainable Energy Engineering)
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
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(English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Despite the excitement around the nexus between land, energy and water resource systems, policies enacted to govern and use these resources are still formulated in isolation, without considering the interdependencies. Using a Ugandan case study, we highlight the impact that one policy change in the energy system will have on other resource systems. We focus on deforestation, long term electricity supply planning, crop production, water consumption, land-use change and climate impacting greenhouse gas (GHG) trajectories. In this study, an open-source integrated modelling framework is used to map the ripple effects of a policy change related to reducing biomass consumption. We find that, despite the reduction in deforestation of woodlands and forests, the GHG emissions in the power sector is expected to increase in between 2040-2050, owing to higher fossil fuel usage. This policy change is also likely to increase the cost of electricity generation, which in turn affects the agricultural land types. There is a shift from irrigated to rainfed type land due to higher electricity costs. Through the use of this integrated model setup for Uganda, we highlight the need for integrated policy planning that takes into consideration the interlinkages between the resource systems and cross propagation effects.

Keywords [en]
integrated policy planning, land, energy, water, Uganda, GHG emissions, irrigation, electricity infrastructure
National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Energy Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-271327OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-271327DiVA, id: diva2:1416725
Note

QC 20200319

Available from: 2020-03-25 Created: 2020-03-25 Last updated: 2020-03-25

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Sridharan, VigneshShivakumar, AbhishekRamos, EuniceHowells, Mark I.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • asciidoc
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