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Infrared Laser Pulses Excite Action Potentials in Primary Cortex Neurons in Vitro∗
Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering college, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China.
Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering college, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China.
Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering college, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China.
Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering college, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China.
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, 2019, p. 5184-5187Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Infrared neural modulation (INM) has been well studied in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) for potential clinical applications. However, limited research has been conducted on the central nervous systems (CNS). In this study, we aimed at investigating the feasibility of using pulsed infrared (IR) laser with a wavelength of 1940 nm to excite network activity of cultivated rat cortex neurons.We cultured rat cortex neurons, forming neural networks with spontaneous neural activity, on glass multi-electrode arrays (MEAs). Laser at a power of 600 mW and a pulse rate of 10 Hz were used to stimulate the neural networks using the optics of an inverted microscope. Pulse durations were varied from 200 μs to 1 ms. The spike rate was calculated to evaluate the change of the neural network activity during the IR stimuli and the corresponding frequency components of neural response were calculated to examine whether recorded spikes were evoked by the IR pulse or not. A temperature model was adapted from a previous study to estimate the temperature rise during laser pulsing.We observed that the IR irradiation with a pulse duration of 800 μs and 1 ms could excite neuronal action potentials. The temperature rose 18.5 and 23.9 °C, for pulse durations of 800 μs and 1 ms, respectively. Thus, in addition to previously shown inhibition of IR irradiation with a wavelength of 1550 nm, we demonstrate an optical method that can modulate neural network activity in vitro. The preliminary results from this paper also suggested that MEA recording technology coupled with a laser and microscope systems can be exploited as a new approach for future studies to understand mechanisms and characterize laser parameters of INM for CNS neurons.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. p. 5184-5187
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-268248DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856712PubMedID: 31947026Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077908576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-268248DiVA, id: diva2:1426240
Conference
2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 23-27 July 2019
Note

QC 20200424

Available from: 2020-04-24 Created: 2020-04-24 Last updated: 2020-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Nyberg, Tobias

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