Novel methods to synthesize aliphatic polyesters of vivid architectures
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Cross-linked films of ε-caprolactone (CL) and 1,5-dioxepan-2-one (DXO) having various mole fractions of monomers and different cross-link densities were prepared using 2,2’-bis-(-caprolactone-4-yl) propane (BCP) as cross-linking agent and Sn(Oct)2 as catalyst. Reaction parameters were examined to optimize the film-forming conditions. Networks obtained were elastomeric materials, easy to cast and remove from the mould. Effect of CL content and cross-link density on the final properties of the polymer network was evaluated. Thermal, mechanical and surface properties of the films were controlled by monomer feed composition and cross-link density. The films have potential to be used for tissue engineering applications as shown by preliminary cell growth studies. To avoid organometallic catalysts in the synthesis of poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) (PDXO), the enzyme-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of DXO was performed with lipase-CA (derived from Candida antarctica) as a biocatalyst. A linear relationship between number-average molecular weight (Mn) and monomer conversion was observed, which suggested that the product molecular weight can be controlled by the stoichiometry of the reactants. The monomer consumption followed a first-order rate law with respect to monomer and no chain termination occurred. Effect of reaction water content, enzyme concentration and polymerization temperature on monomer conversion and polymer properties was studied. An initial activation by heating the enzyme was sufficient to start the polymerization as monomer conversion occurred at room temperature afterwards. Terminal-functionalized polyesters and tri-block polyesters were synthesized by lipase-CA catalyzed ROP of DXO and CL in the presence of an appropriate alcohol as initiator. Alcohol bearing unsaturation introduced a double bond at the chain end of the polyester, which is a useful pathway to synthesize comb polymers. Dihydroxyl compounds were used as macro-initiators to form tri-block polyesters. The enzyme-catalyzed polymerization of lactones has been shown to be a useful method to synthesize metal-free polyesters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , 84 p.
Trita-FPT-Report, ISSN 1652-2443 ; 2005:38
Polyesters, 1, 5-dioxepan-2-one, Caprolactone, Sn(Oct)2, Enzyme, Lipase-CA, Ring-Opening Polymerization, Architecture, Tissue Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-511ISBN: 91-7178-191-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-511DiVA: diva2:14266
2005-12-02, E2, Huvudbyggnaden, Lindstedtsvägen 3, Entreplan KTH, Stockholm, 10:00
QC 201012212005-11-242005-11-242010-12-21Bibliographically approved
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