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Petroleum genesis: Competition of paradigms
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8199-5625
2019 (English)In: Voprosy filosofii, ISSN 0042-8744, Vol. 2019, no 12, p. 106-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The problem of petroleum genesis is of interest as a case study in the social philosophy of science. The question of the origin of hydrocarbons was raised in the domestic science by M.V. Lomonosov, V.I. Vernadsky, D.I. Mendeleev. Its importance for the petroleum science is directly associated with the tasks of prospecting and exploration of hydrocarbon deposits. The problem of the petroleum genesis presented in two dominant concepts of the genesis of oil and natural gas, that went down in history as the concept of the biogenic origin of hydrocarbons and the concept of the abiogenic origin of hydrocarbons. The concept of biogenic origin of hydrocarbons initially had a significant margin of support. But with the recent discovery of super-giant oil deposits at a depth of over 10 km, a discrepancy between identified biogenic sources and proven hydrocarbon reserves for most of the giant oil and gas accumulations, the presence of large hydrocarbon deposits in the crystalline basement in the absence of source rocks suites, as well as the emergence of new conceptual, mathematical and technological capabilities the question of a paradigm shift in the petroleum science has appeared. In the article, a paradigm shift is understood as a gestalts witch or a vision shift. An analysis of the dramatic history of the competition of paradigms reveals the methodological problems of scientific discussions, the features of scientific theories and the validity of hypotheses in the field of petroleum science. The subject of evolution of scientific rationality is problematized. The authors are grateful to Vladimir I. Arshinov, the chief researcher of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, for valuable advice on the manuscript.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Russian Academy of Sciences , 2019. Vol. 2019, no 12, p. 106-117
Keywords [en]
Concept of abiogenic origin of hydrocarbons, Concept of biogenic origin of hydrocarbons, Evolution of scientific rationality, Interdisciplinarity, Lomonosov, Mendeleev, Methodology of science, Paradigm, Petroleum science, Social history of science, Vernadsky
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-268424DOI: 10.31857/S004287440007530-8ISI: 000510534700013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077579648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-268424DiVA, id: diva2:1427519
Note

QC 20200429

Available from: 2020-04-29 Created: 2020-04-29 Last updated: 2020-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Kutcherov, Vladimir G.

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