Microarray-based AMASE as a novel approach for mutation detection
2004 (English)In: Mutation research, ISSN 0027-5107, E-ISSN 1873-135X, Vol. 554, no 1-2, 77-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Alterations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are important events in many cases of human cancers. We have developed a novel microarray based approach for re-sequencing and mutation detection of the p53 gene. The method facilitates rapid and simple scanning of the target gene sequence and could be expanded to include other candidate cancer genes. The methodology employs the previously described apyrase-mediated allele-specific extension reaction (AMASE). In order to re-sequence the selected region, four extension oligonucleotides with different 3'-termini were used for each base position and they were covalently attached to the glass slide's surface. The amplified single-stranded DNA templates were then hybridized to the array followed by in situ extension with fluorescently labeled dNTPs in the presence of apyrase. The model system used was based on analysis of a 15 bp stretch in exon 5 of the p53 gene. Mutations were scored as allelic fractions calculated as (wt)/(wt + mut) signals. When apyrase was included in the extension reactions of wild type templates, the mean allelic fraction was 0.96. When apyrase was excluded with the same wild type templates, significantly lower allelic fractions were obtained. Two 60-mer synthetic oligonucleotides were used to establish the detectable amount of mutations with AMASE and a clear distinction between all the points could be made. Several samples from different stages of skin malignancies were also analyzed. The results from this study imply the possibility to efficiently and accurately re-sequence the entire p53 gene with AMASE technology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 554, no 1-2, 77-88 p.
allele-specific, apyrase, microarray, mutation, p53, sequencing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-8905DOI: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.03.009ISI: 000223821800009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-4344669178OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-8905DiVA: diva2:14388
QC 20100922 QC 201109232005-12-092005-12-092011-09-23Bibliographically approved